Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility

Background

The Caribbean region is exposed to a variety of natural hazards, including earthquakes, volcanoes, storms, extreme temperatures, droughts, floods and landslides, many of which are regularly aggravated by the recurrent El Niño / ENSO phenomenon. Increasing climate variability is likely to exacerbate many of these hazards.

Of every 10 natural events recorded in the Caribbean, seven arise because of storms and floods. The frequency of high-powered storms is such that for many small islands and low-lying coastal areas, this kind of events is considered as a “new normal”. The Category 5 hurricanes Irma and Maria which struck the region in September 2017 resulted in an estimated 100 deaths and severely damaged critical infrastructure, including housing, road networks, schools, hospitals, and water, electricity and phone utilities. Population growth and the ever-increasing concentration of infrastructure in urban or semi-urban areas have also been clear drivers of the growth in human and physical losses from adverse natural events.

Regional economies are extremely vulnerable to these disasters. Many Caribbean states have small and undiversified economic bases and high levels of indebtedness (an average of 79% of regional GDP) which limit their ability for critical investments in the aftermath of a disaster. As most Caribbean countries are categorized as middle-to-high income countries, they are largely ineligible for Official Development Assistance.

The devastating hurricanes which crippled the region in 2017 re-emphasized the need for enhanced regional cooperation for responding to these disasters. Caribbean nations are currently working on building economic resilience against extreme events, but this needs to be accomplished using a two-pronged approach: one that includes developing innovative risk insurance and debt reduction financial tools, while at the same time strengthening public infrastructure that can withstand and recover from disaster-induced shocks.

About the Program

The Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility is a partnership between the European Union, GFDRR and the World Bank. The objective of the Facility is to enhance the long-term disaster resilience and adaptation capacity for the most vulnerable in the Caribbean region. This will be achieved through a comprehensive evidence-based effort, using various advisory and financial services and analytics available, to strengthen the capacity for disaster risk reduction and financial resilience at regional and national levels, as well as through co-financing of investments in resilience.

Activities of the Facility will cover the following beneficiary countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago.

The program has three operational components:

  1. Regional Technical Assistance Facility to Mainstream Resilience. Activities within this component focus on providing institutional, policy, or regulatory advice to beneficiary countries on a demand-driven basis to strengthen the administrative and technical capacities for advancing recovery and resilience in key development sectors.
  2. Adaptation Facility for Leveraging Investments in Resilience in the Caribbean. Activities within this component focus on generating evidence-based information to support beneficiary countries as they make critical decisions on where to invest resources to become resilient and adapt to climate change. This technical advice, helps countries develop sector-specific probabilistic risk assessments to prioritize public investment plans in critical areas, which include: safe schools, shelters, public buildings, transport infrastructure, urban resilience, ecosystem-based adaptation, coastal zone management, flood mitigation measures, retrofitting of key infrastructure and integrated watershed management. Under this component, grants will be made available to either directly co-finance resilience investments or to finance ancillary technical assistance or financial services related to these investments.
  3. Expanding Financial Protection Against Disasters in the Caribbean Sovereign Countries. Activities within this component support beneficiary countries in expanding their coverage under the Caribbean Risk Insurance Facility – Segregated Portfolio Company (CCRIF-SPC) and related insurance and risk-reduction mechanisms. Specific activities build on CCRIF SPC’s current expansion plan, which includes increasing the portfolio size by improving the coverage limits of existing members, offering new products, and expanding membership. This component also aims to enhance countries’ understanding of financial protection products that target vulnerable populations and reduce the hazard risk to low-income housing.

Contact

Rossella Della Monica – Disaster Risk Management Specialist (rdellamonica@worldbank.org), GFDRR

Partners

The Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility is managed by the GFDRR secretariat, and activities are implemented by World Bank teams and beneficiary countries, in close coordination with EU Delegations to Caribbean countries and to regional and sub-regional organizations.

The Facility is funded by the European Union, and is being implemented in close collaboration with the EU Delegation to Barbados, the Eastern Caribbean States, the OECS and CARICOM/CARIFORUM.

The Facility is closely collaborating with stakeholders involved in Disaster Risk Reduction and Risk Financing in the Caribbean region, including the Caribbean Risk Insurance Facility – Segregated Portfolio Company (CCRIF-SPC).

Media & Events

Blog | Closing the Financial Protection Gap

Video | Voices of Resilience | UR Caribbean Conference

Video | The EU and Caribbean partnership: Working together for a resilient Caribbean

Publications

A photo shows a woman walking with her daughter outside of a shopping center. Underneath the photo is a caption that says Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility

Brochure | Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility

Coming soon

Botswana

4
17.41 billion (2017)
2.29 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, wildfire, earthquake, extreme heat

Romania

3
221.8 billion (2017)
19.59 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Paraguay

3
29.74 billion (2017)
6.81 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Tunisia

40.26 billion (2017)
11.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Bulgaria

56.83 billion (2017)
7.08 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Belarus

54.44 billion (2017)
9.51 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Tuvalu

7
39.73 million (2017)
11,192 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, tsunami, extreme heat

Zambia

9
25.81 billion (2017)
17.09 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Uganda

18
25.90 billion (2017)
42.86 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, volcano, landslide, extreme heat

Tanzania

14
52.09 billion (2017)
57.31 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Dominican Republic

15
75.93 billion (2017)
10.77 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

South Africa

8
349.42 billion (2017)
56.72 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat

Somalia

9
7.37 billion (2017)
14.74 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Solomon Islands

7
1.3 billion (2017)
611,343 (2017)
Coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

6
770.8 million (2016)
109,643 (2016)
Coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, earthquake, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Mauritius

2
12.16 billion (2016)
1.26 million (2016)
Cyclone, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Mauritania

6
4.63 billion (2016)
4.3 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, tsunami

Sao Tome and Principe

4
390.87 million (2017)
204,327 (2017)
Coastal flood, extreme heat

Saint Lucia

12
1.71 billion (2017)
178,844 (2017)
Urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Liberia

4
2.16 billion (2017)
4.73 million (2017)
River flood,urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, extreme heat

Jamaica

11
14.77 billion (2017)
2.89 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, extreme heat

Guinea

2
6.29 billion (2016)
12.39 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Fiji

19
5.06 billion (2017)
905,502 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Ethiopia

19
80.56 billion (2017)
104.96 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Eritrea

2
2.61 billion (2016)
4.79 million (2016)
River flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, volcano

Dominica

13
562.54 million (2017)
73,925 (2017)
urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Congo Democratic Republic

1
37.24 billion (2017)
81.34 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat

Comoros

3
648.92 million (2017)
813,912 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, earthquake, volcano, extreme heat

Cape Verde

11
1.75 billion (2017)
546,388 (2017)
Cyclone, coastal flood

Cameroon

6
34.8 billion (2017)
24.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, landslide

Bosnia and Herzegovina

4
18.17 billion (2017)
3.51 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, water scarcity,extreme heat

Lao People's Democratic Republic

2
16.85 billion (2017)
6.86 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, extreme heat

Jordan

5
40.07 billion (2017)
9.7 million (2017)
River flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, volcano

Suriname

5
3.32 billion (2017)
563,402 (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, wildfire, tsunami, extreme heat

Zimbabwe

8
17.85 billion (2017)
16.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, wildfire, earthquake, cyclone, extreme heat

Uzbekistan

9
48.72 billion (2017)
32.39 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, water scarcity, landslide, extreme heat, wildfire

Tajikistan

6
7.15 billion (2017)
8.92 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, wildfire, water scarcity, extreme heat

Iraq

4
197.72 billion (2017)
38.27 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

6
770.8 million (2016)
109,643 (2016)
Coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, earthquake, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Tunisia

5
40.26 billion (2017)
11.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Saint Lucia

12
1.71 billion (2017)
178,844 (2017)
Urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Saint Kitts and Nevis

3
876.48 million (2016)
55,572 (2016)
Volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, extreme heat

Trinidad and Tobago

20.98 billion (2016)
1.36 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, cyclone, wildfire, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Marshall Islands

8
183 million (2016)
53,066 (2016)
Coastal flood, cyclone, tsunami, extreme heat

Cook Islands

294 million (2016)
21,000 (2016)
Tsunami, cyclone, coastal flood, extreme heat

Grenada

7
1.12 billion (2017)
107,825 (2017)
Landslide, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Mauritius

2
12.16 billion (2016)
1.26 million (2016)
Cyclone, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Eritrea

2
2.61 billion (2016)
4.79 million (2016)
River flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, volcano

Mauritania

6
4.63 billion (2016)
4.3 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, tsunami

Sao Tome and Principe

4
390.87 million (2017)
204,327 (2017)
Coastal flood, extreme heat

Guinea

2
6.29 billion (2016)
12.39 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Gabon

1
14.21 billion (2016)
1.97 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, extreme heat

Congo Democratic Republic

1
37.24 billion (2017)
81.34 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat

Chad

5
9.6 billion (2016)
14.45 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Angola

5
$89.63 billion (2016)
28.81 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, water scarcity, earthquake, extreme heat

Bolivia

5
37.51 billion (2017)
11.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Bhutan

12
2.51 billion (2017)
807,610 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Brazil

10
2.06 trillion (2017)
209.29 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Belize

6
1.84 billion (2017)
374,681 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, cyclone, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Armenia

9
11.54 billion (2017)
2.93 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, volcano, wildfire, extreme heat

Bangladesh

25
249.72 billion (2017)
164.67 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Argentina

11
637.59 billion (2017)
44.27 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Afghanistan

13
20.82 billion (2017)
35.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Indonesia

14
1.02 trillion (2017)
263.99 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, water scarcity, extreme heat

Kazakhstan

6
159.41 billion (2017)
18.04 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Albania

4
13.04 billion (2017)
2.87 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, wildfire, tsunami, water scarcity, extreme heat

Burundi

5
3.48 billion (2017)
10.86 million (2017)
River flood, Wildfire, Urban Flood, Earthquake, Water Scarcity, Extreme Heat

Lesotho

7
$2.64 billion (2017)
2.23 million (2017)
River flood, wildfire, urban flood, earthquake

Fiji

19
5.06 billion (2017)
905,502 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Georgia

6
15.16 billion (2017)
3.72 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, volcano, landslide, extreme heat, wildfire

Guatemala

11
75.62 billion (2017)
16.9 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat, water scarcity

Guyana

3
3.68 billion (2017)
777,859 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, tsunami, extreme heat

India

21
2.6 trillion (2017)
1.34 billion (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Jamaica

11
14.77 billion (2017)
2.89 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, extreme heat

Kenya

25
74.93 billion (2017)
49.7 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, tsunami, extreme heat

Kiribati

6
196.15 million (2017)
116,398 (2017)
Coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Kyrgyz Republic

17
7.57 billion (2017)
6.2 million (2017)
River flood, earthquake, landslide, wildfire, water scarcity, extreme heat

Lebanon

8
51.84 billion (2017)
6.08 million (2017)
Water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, river flood, earthquake, tsunami, volcano

El Salvador

7
24.81 billion (2017)
6.38 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, water scarcity

Egypt

5
235.37 billion (2017)
97.55 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Cape Verde

11
1.75 billion (2017)
546,388 (2017)
Cyclone, coastal flood

Cambodia

11
22.16 billion (2017)
16.01 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire

Cameroon

6
34.8 billion (2017)
24.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, landslide

Chile

3
277.08 billion (2017)
18.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

China

4
12.24 trillion (2017)
1.4 billion (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Colombia

13
309.19 billion (2017)
49.07 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire

Comoros

3
648.92 million (2017)
813,912 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, earthquake, volcano, extreme heat

Costa Rica

5
57.06 billion (2017)
4.91 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, wildfire, cyclone, extreme heat

Djibouti

4
1.85 billion (2017)
956,985 (2017)
Coastal flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Dominica

13
562.54 million (2017)
73,925 (2017)
urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Ecuador

3
103.06 billion (2017)
16.62 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire

Vanuatu

13
862.88 million (2017)
276,244 (2017)
Urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, extreme heat

Vietnam

24
223.86 billion (2017)
95.54 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Yemen

6
18.21 billion (2016)
28.25 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, volcano

Dominican Republic

15
75.93 billion (2017)
10.77 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Uruguay

1
56.16 billion (2017)
3.46 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Turkey

8
851.1 billion (2017)
80.76 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, tsunami

Tonga

16
426.06 million (2017)
108,020 (2017)
Coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, volcano, extreme heat

Uganda

18
25.90 billion (2017)
42.86 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, volcano, landslide, extreme heat

Timor-Leste

1
2.96 billion (2017)
1.3 million (2017)
Urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, river flood, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Thailand

3
455.22 billion (2017)
69.04 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Ethiopia

19
80.56 billion (2017)
104.96 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Benin

4
9.27 billion (2017)
11.18 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, coastal flood

Seychelles

9
1.49 billion (2017)
95,843 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, tsunami, extreme heat

Panama

13
61.84 billion (2017)
4.1 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, wildfire, cyclone, extreme heat

Haiti

22
8.41 billion (2017)
10.98 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Nepal

26
24.47 billion (2017)
29.3 million (2017)
Urban flood, landslide, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, river flood, earthquake

Ghana

19
47.33 billion (2017)
28.83 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Madagascar

18
11.5 billion (2017)
25.57 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Burkina Faso

8
12.87 billion (2017)
19.19 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Malawi

21
6.30 billion (2017)
18.62 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, cyclone

Senegal

19
16.38 billion (2017)
15.85 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, coastal flood, tsunami, earthquake

Togo

12
4.81 billion (2017)
7.8 million (2017)
River flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake

Tanzania

14
52.09 billion (2017)
57.31 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Sri Lanka

25
87.18 billion (2017)
21.44 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, cyclone, wildfire, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

South Africa

8
349.42 billion (2017)
56.72 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat

Niger

18
8.12 billion (2017)
21.48 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Nicaragua

9
13.81 billion (2017)
6.22 million (2017)
RIver flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Namibia

5
13.25 billion (2017)
2.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, wildfire, tsunami, extreme heat

Myanmar

16
69.32 billion (2017)
53.37 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, volcano

Mozambique

33
12.65 billion (2017)
29.67 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Mongolia

8
11.49 billion (2017)
3.08 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Moldova

4
8.13 billion (2017)
3.55 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Morocco

7
109.14 billion (2017)
35.74 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, urban flood, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Mexico

7
1.15 trillion (2017)
129.16 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Nigeria

10
375.77 billion (2017)
190.89 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, volcano

Pakistan

14
304.95 billion (2017)
197.02 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Papua New Guinea

1
21.09 billion (2017)
8.25 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Somalia

9
7.37 billion (2017)
14.74 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Solomon Islands

7
1.3 billion (2017)
611,343 (2017)
Coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Sierra Leone

9
3.77 billion (2017)
7.56 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, landslide, tsunami

Serbia

19
41.43 billion (2017)
7.02 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Saudi Arabia

2
683.83 billion (2017)
32.94 million (2017)
Coastal flood, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, river flood, earthquake

Samoa

5
856.63 million (2017)
196,440 (2017)
Tsunami, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, extreme heat

Rwanda

12
9.14 billion (2017)
12.21 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity

Philippines

15
313.60 billion (2017)
104.92 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Peru

11
211.39 billion (2017)
32.17 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Liberia

4
2.16 billion (2017)
4.73 million (2017)
River flood,urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, extreme heat