The Caribbean region is exposed to a variety of natural hazards, including earthquakes, volcanoes, storms, extreme temperatures, droughts, floods and landslides, many of which are regularly aggravated by the recurrent El Niño / ENSO phenomenon. Increasing climate variability is likely to exacerbate many of these hazards.

Of every 10 natural events recorded in the Caribbean, seven arise because of storms and floods. The frequency of high-powered storms is such that for many small islands and low-lying coastal areas, this kind of events is considered as a “new normal”. The Category 5 hurricanes Irma and Maria which struck the region in September 2017 resulted in an estimated 100 deaths and severely damaged critical infrastructure, including housing, road networks, schools, hospitals, and water, electricity and phone utilities. Population growth and the ever-increasing concentration of infrastructure in urban or semi-urban areas have also been clear drivers of the growth in human and physical losses from adverse natural events.

Regional economies are extremely vulnerable to these disasters. Many Caribbean states have small and undiversified economic bases and high levels of indebtedness (an average of 79% of regional GDP) which limit their ability for critical investments in the aftermath of a disaster. As most Caribbean countries are categorized as middle-to-high income countries, they are largely ineligible for Official Development Assistance.

The devastating hurricanes which crippled the region in 2017 re-emphasized the need for enhanced regional cooperation for responding to these disasters. Caribbean nations are currently working on building economic resilience against extreme events, but this needs to be accomplished using a two-pronged approach: one that includes developing innovative risk insurance and debt reduction financial tools, while at the same time strengthening public infrastructure that can withstand and recover from disaster-induced shocks.

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Learn more about the program

About The Caribbean RRB Facility

The Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility is a partnership between the European Union, GFDRR and the World Bank. The objective of the Facility is to enhance the long-term disaster resilience and adaptation capacity for the most vulnerable in the Caribbean region. This will be achieved through a comprehensive evidence-based effort, using various advisory and financial services and analytics available, to strengthen the capacity for disaster risk reduction and financial resilience at regional and national levels, as well as through co-financing of investments in resilience.

Activities of the Facility will cover the following beneficiary countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago.

The program has three operational components:

  1. Regional Technical Assistance Facility to Mainstream Resilience. Activities within this component focus on providing institutional, policy, or regulatory advice to beneficiary countries on a demand-driven basis to strengthen the administrative and technical capacities for advancing recovery and resilience in key development sectors.
  2. Adaptation Facility for Leveraging Investments in Resilience in the Caribbean. Activities within this component focus on generating evidence-based information to support beneficiary countries as they make critical decisions on where to invest resources to become resilient and adapt to climate change. This technical advice, helps countries develop sector-specific probabilistic risk assessments to prioritize public investment plans in critical areas, which include: safe schools, shelters, public buildings, transport infrastructure, urban resilience, ecosystem-based adaptation, coastal zone management, flood mitigation measures, retrofitting of key infrastructure and integrated watershed management. Under this component, grants will be made available to either directly co-finance resilience investments or to finance ancillary technical assistance or financial services related to these investments.
  3. Expanding Financial Protection Against Disasters in the Caribbean Sovereign Countries. Activities within this component support beneficiary countries in expanding their coverage under the Caribbean Risk Insurance Facility – Segregated Portfolio Company (CCRIF-SPC) and related insurance and risk-reduction mechanisms. Specific activities build on CCRIF SPC’s current expansion plan, which includes increasing the portfolio size by improving the coverage limits of existing members, offering new products, and expanding membership. This component also aims to enhance countries’ understanding of financial protection products that target vulnerable populations and reduce the hazard risk to low-income housing.
Rossella Della Monica
Disaster Risk Management Specialist, GFDRR
Partners

The Caribbean Regional Resilience Building Facility is managed by the GFDRR secretariat, and activities are implemented by World Bank teams and beneficiary countries, in close coordination with EU Delegations to Caribbean countries and to regional and sub-regional organizations.

The Facility is funded by the European Union, and is being implemented in close collaboration with the EU Delegation to Barbados, the Eastern Caribbean States, the OECS and CARICOM/CARIFORUM.

The Facility is closely collaborating with stakeholders involved in Disaster Risk Reduction and Risk Financing in the Caribbean region, including the Caribbean Risk Insurance Facility – Segregated Portfolio Company (CCRIF-SPC).

Latest Resources

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As Caribbean countries manage hurricane season amid the COVID-19 crisis, CCRIF SPC provides support

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Two disaster risk finance instruments are proving helpful for Saint Lucia's resilience efforts.

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Video

The European Union is partnering with governments across the Caribbean to increase resilience

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Botswana

2
17.41 billion (2017)
2.29 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, wildfire, earthquake, extreme heat

Romania

1
221.8 billion (2017)
19.59 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Paraguay

2
29.74 billion (2017)
6.81 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Tunisia

40.26 billion (2017)
11.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Bulgaria

56.83 billion (2017)
7.08 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Belarus

54.44 billion (2017)
9.51 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Tuvalu

2
39.73 million (2017)
11,192 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, tsunami, extreme heat

Zambia

25.81 billion (2017)
17.09 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Uganda

2
25.90 billion (2017)
42.86 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, volcano, landslide, extreme heat

Tanzania

2
52.09 billion (2017)
57.31 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Dominican Republic

5
75.93 billion (2017)
10.77 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Somalia

2
7.37 billion (2017)
14.74 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

1
770.8 million (2016)
109,643 (2016)
Coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, earthquake, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Mauritius

12.16 billion (2016)
1.26 million (2016)
Cyclone, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Mauritania

4.63 billion (2016)
4.3 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, tsunami

Sao Tome and Principe

390.87 million (2017)
204,327 (2017)
Coastal flood, extreme heat

Saint Lucia

2
1.71 billion (2017)
178,844 (2017)
Urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Liberia

2
2.16 billion (2017)
4.73 million (2017)
River flood,urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, extreme heat

Jamaica

4
14.77 billion (2017)
2.89 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, extreme heat

Guinea

1
6.29 billion (2016)
12.39 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Fiji

2
5.06 billion (2017)
905,502 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Ethiopia

2
80.56 billion (2017)
104.96 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Eritrea

2.61 billion (2016)
4.79 million (2016)
River flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, volcano

Dominica

5
562.54 million (2017)
73,925 (2017)
urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Congo Democratic Republic

37.24 billion (2017)
81.34 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat

Comoros

2
648.92 million (2017)
813,912 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, earthquake, volcano, extreme heat

Cape Verde

1.75 billion (2017)
546,388 (2017)
Cyclone, coastal flood

Cameroon

1
34.8 billion (2017)
24.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, landslide

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1
18.17 billion (2017)
3.51 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, water scarcity,extreme heat

Lao People's Democratic Republic

5
16.85 billion (2017)
6.86 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, extreme heat

Jordan

2
40.07 billion (2017)
9.7 million (2017)
River flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, volcano

Suriname

2
3.32 billion (2017)
563,402 (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, wildfire, tsunami, extreme heat

Zimbabwe

5
17.85 billion (2017)
16.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, wildfire, earthquake, cyclone, extreme heat

Uzbekistan

5
48.72 billion (2017)
32.39 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, water scarcity, landslide, extreme heat, wildfire

Tajikistan

4
7.15 billion (2017)
8.92 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, wildfire, water scarcity, extreme heat

Iraq

1
197.72 billion (2017)
38.27 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

1
770.8 million (2016)
109,643 (2016)
Coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, earthquake, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Saint Lucia

2
1.71 billion (2017)
178,844 (2017)
Urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Tunisia

1
40.26 billion (2017)
11.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Saint Kitts and Nevis

1
876.48 million (2016)
55,572 (2016)
Volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, extreme heat

Trinidad and Tobago

1
20.98 billion (2016)
1.36 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, cyclone, wildfire, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Marshall Islands

183 million (2016)
53,066 (2016)
Coastal flood, cyclone, tsunami, extreme heat

Cook Islands

294 million (2016)
21,000 (2016)
Tsunami, cyclone, coastal flood, extreme heat

Grenada

1
1.12 billion (2017)
107,825 (2017)
Landslide, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Mauritius

12.16 billion (2016)
1.26 million (2016)
Cyclone, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Eritrea

2.61 billion (2016)
4.79 million (2016)
River flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, volcano

Mauritania

4.63 billion (2016)
4.3 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, tsunami

Sao Tome and Principe

390.87 million (2017)
204,327 (2017)
Coastal flood, extreme heat

Guinea

1
6.29 billion (2016)
12.39 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Gabon

14.21 billion (2016)
1.97 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, extreme heat

Congo Democratic Republic

37.24 billion (2017)
81.34 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat

Chad

9.6 billion (2016)
14.45 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Angola

$89.63 billion (2016)
28.81 million (2016)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, water scarcity, earthquake, extreme heat

Bhutan

6
2.51 billion (2017)
807,610 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Bolivia

1
37.51 billion (2017)
11.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, landslide, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Brazil

5
2.06 trillion (2017)
209.29 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Belize

2
1.84 billion (2017)
374,681 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, cyclone, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Armenia

1
11.54 billion (2017)
2.93 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, volcano, wildfire, extreme heat

Bangladesh

5
249.72 billion (2017)
164.67 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Argentina

2
637.59 billion (2017)
44.27 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Afghanistan

3
20.82 billion (2017)
35.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Indonesia

5
1.02 trillion (2017)
263.99 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, water scarcity, extreme heat

Jamaica

4
14.77 billion (2017)
2.89 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, extreme heat

Albania

1
13.04 billion (2017)
2.87 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, wildfire, tsunami, water scarcity, extreme heat

Burundi

1
3.48 billion (2017)
10.86 million (2017)
River flood, Wildfire, Urban Flood, Earthquake, Water Scarcity, Extreme Heat

Lesotho

1
$2.64 billion (2017)
2.23 million (2017)
River flood, wildfire, urban flood, earthquake

Fiji

2
5.06 billion (2017)
905,502 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Georgia

3
15.16 billion (2017)
3.72 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, volcano, landslide, extreme heat, wildfire

Guatemala

75.62 billion (2017)
16.9 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat, water scarcity

Guyana

2
3.68 billion (2017)
777,859 (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, tsunami, extreme heat

India

11
2.6 trillion (2017)
1.34 billion (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Kazakhstan

1
159.41 billion (2017)
18.04 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Kenya

5
74.93 billion (2017)
49.7 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, tsunami, extreme heat

Kiribati

196.15 million (2017)
116,398 (2017)
Coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

Kyrgyz Republic

5
7.57 billion (2017)
6.2 million (2017)
River flood, earthquake, landslide, wildfire, water scarcity, extreme heat

Lebanon

1
51.84 billion (2017)
6.08 million (2017)
Water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, river flood, earthquake, tsunami, volcano

El Salvador

2
24.81 billion (2017)
6.38 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, water scarcity

Egypt

235.37 billion (2017)
97.55 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Cape Verde

1.75 billion (2017)
546,388 (2017)
Cyclone, coastal flood

Cambodia

6
22.16 billion (2017)
16.01 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire

Cameroon

1
34.8 billion (2017)
24.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, landslide

Chile

277.08 billion (2017)
18.05 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

China

1
12.24 trillion (2017)
1.4 billion (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Colombia

3
309.19 billion (2017)
49.07 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire

Comoros

2
648.92 million (2017)
813,912 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, earthquake, volcano, extreme heat

Costa Rica

2
57.06 billion (2017)
4.91 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, wildfire, cyclone, extreme heat

Djibouti

1
1.85 billion (2017)
956,985 (2017)
Coastal flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Dominica

5
562.54 million (2017)
73,925 (2017)
urban flood, landslide, volcano, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Ecuador

3
103.06 billion (2017)
16.62 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire

Vanuatu

3
862.88 million (2017)
276,244 (2017)
Urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, extreme heat

Vietnam

11
223.86 billion (2017)
95.54 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Yemen

18.21 billion (2016)
28.25 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, volcano

Dominican Republic

5
75.93 billion (2017)
10.77 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Uruguay

1
56.16 billion (2017)
3.46 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, extreme heat

Turkey

8
851.1 billion (2017)
80.76 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, tsunami

Tonga

4
426.06 million (2017)
108,020 (2017)
Coastal flood, earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, volcano, extreme heat

Uganda

2
25.90 billion (2017)
42.86 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, volcano, landslide, extreme heat

Timor-Leste

1
2.96 billion (2017)
1.3 million (2017)
Urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, cyclone, wildfire, river flood, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Thailand

455.22 billion (2017)
69.04 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Ethiopia

2
80.56 billion (2017)
104.96 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity

Benin

1
9.27 billion (2017)
11.18 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, coastal flood

Seychelles

2
1.49 billion (2017)
95,843 (2017)
Coastal flood, cyclone, tsunami, extreme heat

Panama

2
61.84 billion (2017)
4.1 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, wildfire, cyclone, extreme heat

Haiti

10
8.41 billion (2017)
10.98 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Nepal

2
24.47 billion (2017)
29.3 million (2017)
Urban flood, landslide, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, river flood, earthquake

Ghana

1
47.33 billion (2017)
28.83 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake

Madagascar

4
11.5 billion (2017)
25.57 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, wildfire, tsunami, volcano, extreme heat

Burkina Faso

2
12.87 billion (2017)
19.19 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Malawi

4
6.30 billion (2017)
18.62 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, volcano, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, cyclone

Senegal

2
16.38 billion (2017)
15.85 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, coastal flood, tsunami, earthquake

Togo

4.81 billion (2017)
7.8 million (2017)
River flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake

Tanzania

2
52.09 billion (2017)
57.31 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, volcano, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Sri Lanka

5
87.18 billion (2017)
21.44 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, cyclone, wildfire, coastal flood, tsunami, extreme heat

South Africa

1
349.42 billion (2017)
56.72 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat

Niger

8.12 billion (2017)
21.48 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Nicaragua

1
13.81 billion (2017)
6.22 million (2017)
RIver flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Namibia

13.25 billion (2017)
2.53 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, water scarcity, wildfire, tsunami, extreme heat

Myanmar

10
69.32 billion (2017)
53.37 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, volcano

Mozambique

6
12.65 billion (2017)
29.67 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, cyclone, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Mongolia

2
11.49 billion (2017)
3.08 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Moldova

2
8.13 billion (2017)
3.55 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Morocco

2
109.14 billion (2017)
35.74 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, urban flood, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Mexico

2
1.15 trillion (2017)
129.16 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire

Nigeria

2
375.77 billion (2017)
190.89 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, volcano

Pakistan

5
304.95 billion (2017)
197.02 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, landslide, cyclone, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami

Papua New Guinea

21.09 billion (2017)
8.25 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, wildfire, extreme heat

Somalia

2
7.37 billion (2017)
14.74 million (2017)
River flood, coastal flood, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, tsunami, water scarcity

Solomon Islands

1
1.3 billion (2017)
611,343 (2017)
Coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, urban flood, extreme heat, wildfire

Sierra Leone

2
3.77 billion (2017)
7.56 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, extreme heat, wildfire, earthquake, landslide, tsunami

Serbia

6
41.43 billion (2017)
7.02 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, water scarcity, extreme heat

Saudi Arabia

683.83 billion (2017)
32.94 million (2017)
Coastal flood, volcano, water scarcity, extreme heat, wildfire, river flood, earthquake

Samoa

3
856.63 million (2017)
196,440 (2017)
Tsunami, cyclone, coastal flood, earthquake, extreme heat

Rwanda

2
9.14 billion (2017)
12.21 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, wildfire, earthquake, volcano, water scarcity

Philippines

4
313.60 billion (2017)
104.92 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, cyclone, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Peru

7
211.39 billion (2017)
32.17 million (2017)
River flood, urban flood, coastal flood, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, volcano, water scarcity, wildfire, extreme heat

Liberia

2
2.16 billion (2017)
4.73 million (2017)
River flood,urban flood, wildfire, coastal flood, extreme heat