Through the Inclusive Community Resilience (ICR) initiative, GFDRR taps into grassroots expertise in disaster risk management and promotes scalable models that engage directly with communities, making them equal partners with governments. In the event of disaster, studies show that 90% of survivors are rescued by their own neighbors. This core community strength in responding to—and protecting against—natural hazards and climate change is at the center of the ICR initiative.

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Highlights from Social Resilience


This report presents the experience of community members in Ofunato, Japan, where community elders were empowered to help the community recover. It assesses the experience of the Ibasho approach on post-disaster recovery and strengthening social capital.

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This report documents a number of case studies where grassroots women’s organization are working in partnership with their local or national governments to effectively manage disaster and climate risk in poor communities. The report aims to demonstrate the value of facilitating community-led partnerships for strengthening disaster and climate resilience

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This documents focus on the need to address the underlying causes of vulnerability to reduce the impacts of disasters on poor communities. The paper highlights practical ways of funneling disaster and climate risk financing directly to those most in need and approaches to empowering poor communities to drive their own risk management efforts based on their development goals. 

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Pillars of our Social Resilience Work

Investing in Social Resilience

By bringing disaster and climate risk management into large-scale country investment operations, GFDRR helps to channel risk management resources directly to poor households and communities.

  • For example, in the Philippines, GFDRR is training people in selected villages on risk management and community mapping and is drawing on local knowledge as part of the effort. This information is then shared with all community members, who factor it into overall investment decisions in a broader community-driven development program. The end goal is to expand this initiative to all villages included in the program, in some 800 municipalities.
Promoting Social Inclusion

Integrating gender and citizen engagement into investments.

Through its Gender Action Plan, GFDRR is bolstering its commitment to integrating gender issues into climate and disaster risk management efforts by:

  • Understanding and addressing the different needs of men and women in disaster risk management investments; and
  • Promoting women’s empowerment for broader resilience strengthening.
Developing an Evidence Base

GFDRR places a high priority on documenting and sharing evidence on successful community-driven disaster and climate risk management approaches.

Social Resilience By The Numbers

Gender hero
Gender and Disaster Risk Management

Disasters often affect women, girls, men and boys differently due to gender inequalities caused by socioeconomic conditions, cultural beliefs, and traditional practices that repeatedly have put females at a disadvantage. Understanding different gender roles, responsibilities, needs, and capacities to identify, reduce, prepare and respond to disasters are critical to effective disaster risk management (DRM).

Helpful resources

Social protection in disaster risk management