Senegal

Active Grants: 19

GDP (current US$): 16.38 billion (2017)

Population: 15.85 million (2017)

Major Partners

European Union, Food and Agriculture Organization, Government of France, Government of Japan, Government of Norway, United Nations Development Programme, World Bank

INFORM Risk Rating: 4.7

Risk data from INFORM, a global open-source risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters, uses a scale from 0-10, with 10 as the highest level of risk.

Primary Hazards

For additional information on the natural hazard risk profile, visit ThinkHazard.

Context

Natural Hazard Risk

Senegal is vulnerable to several natural hazards, particularly coastal erosion, droughts, floods, and locust invasions. Flooding annually affects about 200,000 people and has an $89 million impact, with large-scale flooding in 2009 largely in the Dakar region causing about $104 million in damages and losses. Flood risk is exacerbated by rapid urbanization, insufficient drainage, and poor sewage infrastructure, which has resulted in the settling of low-lying areas and a reduction in soil infiltration potential. Droughts generally impact the arid and semi-arid Sahelian regions (northern Senegal) every three to four years. Since 1980, droughts have affected more than 3 million people.

Climate change is exacerbating hazard risk in Senegal. Rising sea levels and increasingly intense storms are the primary causes of coastal erosion and flood risks. About 74 percent of the coastal-area housing stock is vulnerable to erosion. Sea levels are projected to rise up to one meter by 2100, potentially putting more than 100,000 people in low-lying areas at greater risk for flooding.

Government Priorities

The government has taken steps to advance disaster risk management (DRM), particularly around flood risk following the 2009 floods. In 2012, Senegal established the Ministry for Restructuring and Managing Flood Zones to oversee flood management and prevention and in 2013, the National Strategy for Economic and Social development was published, with a focus on risk and disaster prevention and management. Currently, the Ten-Year Flood Management Program (2012–2022) includes a sustainable flood management project and the National Office of Sanitation’s projects to build a drainage network.

To further advance its DRM agenda, Senegal’s national priorities include:

  • Mainstreaming DRM in urban planning;
  • Supporting a national program for flood management;
  • Establishing DRM financing mechanisms; and,
  • Developing and operating a risk monitoring and evaluation system.
GFDRR progress to date

GFDRR has supported disaster risk management activities in Senegal since 2008, with a focus on risk identification, risk reduction, and facilitating post-disaster recovery and reconstruction.

Following the severe flooding in 2009, GFDRR supported a post-disaster needs assessment (PDNA). The assessment identified the urgency of addressing the underlying causes of recurrent floods and recommended medium- and long-term strategies for reducing flood risks.

In 2012, GFDRR supported a DRM and climate change adaptation project. To strengthen the DRM institutional mechanisms, the project enhanced a national early warning coordination mechanism, improved emergency preparedness, and developed a coordination and crisis management center.

Building on the recommendations of the PDNA, the government and the World Bank launched a $72.9 million project for storm water management and climate change resilience. The project constructed storm water drainage in Dakar’s suburban neighborhoods and integrated flood risk mapping in Senegal’s urban plans.

A risk assessment in Dakar was conducted with GFDRR support. In partnership with the Municipal Development Agency, the assessment evaluated natural hazards and climate change risks in the urban and peri-urban areas of Dakar. Based on this spatial analysis, a broad action plan was developed to lower the city’s vulnerability to natural hazard risks. The outcomes of the study have been incorporated into the agency's training modules for local and municipal governments.

GFDRR anticipates continued demand from the Government of Senegal to support:

  • Gaining a comprehensive understanding of natural hazard and climate risks, and their projected impacts;
  • Improving post-emergency assessment and recovery implementation capacity; 
  • Strengthening of DRM financing mechanisms; and,
  • Supporting the national strategy for the protection of coastal zones.

 

Grants Awarded by GFDRR 2007 - Present

Grant
Technical Assistance Fund for Recovery Institutionalization
$642,678 02/2014 - 08/2017
Climate and Disaster Risk Management Multi-Sectoral Plan Preparation in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries
$565,467 09/2016 - 09/2017
Modernizing Hydrometeorological Services to Strengthen Climate Resilience in Africa
$2,074,578 01/2015 - 11/2017
Strengthening Social Protection through Forecast-based Financing in the Sahel
$400,000 11/2016 - 11/2019
Senegal Coastal climate change vulnerabilities assessment and CCA study for Tourism sector
$572,700 09/2016 - 06/2018
Open Data for Resilience Initiative: Tools and Capacity Building
$250,000 06/2017 - 12/2018
City Coastal Resilience Africa (CityCORE)
$980,000 02/2018 - 08/2019
Strengthening DRR Coordination, Planning and Policy Advisory Capacity of ECOWAS
$1,977,500 06/2015 - 12/2019
Strengthening Global Hydromet System - Investment Support
$1,400,000 08/2015 - 07/2019
Strengthening DRR Coordination, Planning and Policy Advisory Capacity of ECOWAS
$1,285,000 10/2016 - 06/2019
Enhancing financial protection resilience in V20 member countries
$400,000 10/2016 - 03/2019
World Reconstruction Conference 3 - Knowledge and Lessons Learned from ACP Countries
$344,465 03/2017 - 04/2018
Disaster Risk Finance for Resilient Livelihoods
$3,114,309 06/2016 - 06/2019
Facilitating regional risk financing and knowledge sharing initiatives – Labs team
$3,114,380 05/2015 - 02/2019
Africa Hydromet Technical Assistance: Capacity Building and Knowledge Exchange Program
$3,000,000 01/2017 - 12/2019
Facilitating regional risk financing and knowledge sharing initiatives – DRM team
$2,479,966 05/2015 - 02/2019
Supporting countries in developing risk financing strategies- DRF team
$5,944,092 05/2015 - 02/2019
Creating the enabling data environment for risk financing – Labs team
$4,267,206 04/2015 - 02/2019
Senegal Coastal Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment
$372,000 02/2015 - 06/2017

World Bank Engagements 2012 – Present

Project Description
Stormwater Management and Climate Change Adaptation Project
$55.6 million | Start date: 05/2012 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve stormwater drainage and flood prevention in periurban areas of Dakar for the benefit of local residents.

Senegal Sustainable and Inclusive Agribusiness Project
$80 million | Start date: 12/2013 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Sustainable and Inclusive Agribusiness Project for Senegal is to develop inclusive commercial agriculture and sustainable land management in project areas.

Additional Financing - Stormwater Management and Climate Change Adaptation Project
$35 million | Start date: 05/2015 (Ongoing)

The Additional Financing (AF) will: (i) help close the financing gap related to stormwater drainage infrastructure investments in peri-urban Dakar (Pikine and Guediawaye) under component B; (ii) scale-up related community-engagement activities under component C in peri-urban Dakar; and (iii) introduce climate change resilient urban planning and management activities under component A in two additional urban areas, Diamniado and Saint-Louis, and reinforce integrated urban management in peri-urban Dakar.

Senegal Social Safety Net
$11 million | Start date: 08/2016 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objective is to support the establishment of building blocks for the social safety net system, and to increase the access of poor and vulnerable households to targeted and adaptive cash transfer programs.

Senegal Tourism and Enterprise Development Project
$74 million | Start date: 04/2017 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objective is to create conditions necessary to increase private investment in tourism in the Saly area, and strengthen enterprise development in Senegal.

Dakar Bus Rapid Transit Pilot Project
$300 million | Start date: 05/2017 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objective is to enhance urban mobility between Dakar and Guédiawaye through the development of a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) corridor.

Senegal - Saint-Louis Emergency Recovery and Resilience Project
$30 million | Start date: 06/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Saint-Louis Emergency Recovery and Resilience Project for Senegal is to reduce the vulnerability of populations to coastal hazards along the Langue de Barbarie and strengthen urban and coastal resilience planning of the city of Saint-Louis.