With missing or inadequate risk information hindering resilience in many developing countries, GFDRR developed GeoNode, a web-based, open source software that enables users to access, share, and visualize geospatial data. Today, GeoNode is a public good relied on by hundreds of organizations around the world.
In an effort to bridge gaps in risk information and create a self-sustaining culture of resilience, together with partners around the world, GFDRR formed the Understanding Risk (UR) community in 2010. Today, UR is an open and global community of more than 6,500 experts and practitioners in the field of disaster risk assessment, representing a diverse array of organizations in government, academia, civil society, and more from 135 countries. The UR community seek to better facilitate non-traditional partnerships, encourage innovation, and promote best practices.
Mapping future floods
In Dar es Salaam, an open-source mapping project enables communities to map flood risk, share the data, and protect their city and their livelihoods against future weather disasters.
Building on GFDRR support since 2012, the World Bank, Norway, Japan, and the government of Senegal have invested over $70 million in the Storm Water Management and Climate Change Adaptation Project to build drainage and sewage infrastructure and reduce the impact of flooding.
In January 2015, Malawi experienced some of the most devastating flooding in its history. In the aftermath, the Government of Malawi conducted a post-disaster needs assessment (PDNA), with support from the European Union (EU), the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the United Nations (UN), and the World Bank.
The World Bank and GFDRR are supporting the development of clearer early warning indicators and support for contingency planning and financing in Ethiopia, as well as the new National Policy and Strategy on Disaster Risk Management.
The World Bank and GFDRR provided financial and technical assistance to support Mozambique's efforts to develop school safety guidelines for classroom facilities across the country.
After severe flooding in 2012, Nigeria asked GFDRR and other key partners to conduct a comprehensive Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).
GFDRR and partners have financed an almost $1 million disaster risk reduction project in Niger to build capacity of local communities for early warning and response.
When Tropical Cyclone Felleng battered the multi-island country of Seychelles with heavy rain in January 2013, the government, with support from the World Bank and the Africa Caribbean Pacific-European Union Natural Disaster Risk Reduction (ACP-EU NDRR) Program, an initiative managed by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), worked to assess the damages and ensure that recovery efforts mitigate the effects of future natural hazards.
Building a resilient future
In the Philippines, the government has prioritized risk reduction and financial protection to protect lives and communities, and minimize physical damage and economic losses from seismic and weather disasters.
After heavy rains from July through September of 2015 resulted in intense flooding and landslides, the government of Myanmar, GFDRR, the World Bank, and more than 17 partner organizations conducted a PDNA. The assessment was crucial in mobilizing resources for recovery, including through the first-ever use of the World Bank’s Immediate Response Mechanism.
With support from the GFDRR-managed Africa Caribbean Pacific-European Union Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Program (ACP-EU NDRR), Timor Leste established a program focused on generating and using quantified data to assess risk along the Dili-Ainaro and other linked road corridors.
Since 2009 GFDRR and the World Bank have supported the government of the Philippines in mainstreaming disaster resilience through technical assistance, which strengthens pre-disaster.
Following the destructive Tropical Cyclone Pam that swept across the Pacific nation in March 2015, GFDRR and the World Bank quickly mobilized to respond.
A combination of GFDRR's technical assistance and World Bank lending is mainstreaming disaster resilience in Vietnam, with large scale impacts across a variety of sectors including transportation, urban and rural development, hydrological and meteorological monitoring services, and water resource management.
The Government of Indonesia, with support from GFDRR and the World Bank, has empowered vulnerable communities and strengthened urban resilience against a wide range of risks triggered by natural disasters and climate change.
After Tropical Cyclone Ian swept through the Pacific Island nation of Tonga in 2014, the government, the World Bank, and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), with funding from the Africa Caribbean Pacific-European Union Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Program (ACP-EU NDRR), worked to rapidly assess the damages, and implement a recovery program which would strengthen the housing and transport infrastructure sectors against future natural hazards.
Following the powerful Tropical Cyclone Evan that swept across the island of Samoa in July 2012, the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), with funding from the Africa Caribbean Pacific–European Union Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Program (ACP-EU NDRR), worked with the government to assess damages, launch a comprehensive disaster recovery and reconstruction plan to make the transport and agriculture sectors more resilient, and strengthen the country’s financial capacity to manage future shocks from natural disasters.
From response to resilience
After catastrophic fooding, the Government of Serbia takes proactive steps to better predict and lessen the impact of future disasters.
Protecting communities through quality infrastructure
In Tajikistan, the Government is investing in improving infrastructure to connect communities, improve economic outcomes, and achieve a more resilient future for its citizens.
After heavy flooding in May 2014, which affected more than 25% of the nation’s population, the Governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina launched a Recovery Needs Assessment (RNA), with support from GFDRR, the World Bank, the EU, and UNDP. The assessment helped inform a recovery plan that has thus far benefited more than 180,000 people – nearly half of whom are women – through rehabilitated infrastructure and flood protection.
A $1.45 million grant from GFDRR is helping to enhance the emergency response preparedness of the country’s civil protection system by setting up crisis management centers, improving emergency warning systems, and reducing response time.
After unrest escalated beginning in early 2014, the Government of Ukraine sought to better understand its impact and how to recover. At the government’s request, GFDRR, in partnership with the World Bank, the European Union and United Nations, helped assess the damage of Ukraine’s conflict-affected areas.
To protect the city from this risk, in 2005, the Governorship of Istanbul, with support from the World Bank and GFDRR, launched a comprehensive program to help the city prepare for and respond to earthquakes.
GFDRR is working with the Government of Belize to boost the climate resilience of Belize’s road network and transport sector. Engaging 35 agencies and a wide range of stakeholders, the innovative project gathered and analyzed data to ensure that road planning and maintenance is risk-informed and more efficient.
After catastrophic flooding in January 2005, the government of Guyana launched the Conservancy Adaptation Project to address flood risks in the country’s coastal areas, disseminating vital technical information and key knowledge on disaster risk measures.
GFDRR helped to strengthen Haiti’s capacity to deliver weather information and early warning systems via its Code for Resilience initiative.
A $150,000 grant from GFDRR enabled the World Bank, in partnership with other development organizations, to establish a comprehensive program targeting disaster risk management and resilience in the Eastern Caribbean.
The Government of Panama has worked with the World Bank and GFDRR since 2010 to develop and implement a strategy to effectively manage the financial impact of natural disasters.
With the increasing incidence of climate-related disasters, the Government of Belize is working to improve its resilience by transforming the country’s approach to economic and social development with a national plan that cuts across all sectors of the economy.
The Peruvian Ministry of Education (MINEDU) conducted a School Infrastructure Census of 50,000 public school facilities to evaluate their current condition. With GFDRR support, the World Bank and MINEDU conducted a seismic risk assessment of 1,969 school facilities in Lima alone. Based on the results, the government has started intervention on the 252 most vulnerable school facilities, with an estimated $17 million investment.
Since 2008, the Government of Morocco, GFDRR, the World Bank, and the Swiss Government have been working together to build a disaster risk management and resilience system for Morocco. The country has taken bold action to reduce the impact of disasters, including reforming its natural disaster response fund to make it a “Resilience Fund” focused on risk reduction, and approving a new disaster risk insurance law.
With funding and guidance from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), Djibouti established a vulnerability and risk assessment communication platform. This platform is the first of its kind in Africa and is comprised of hydrological early warning systems, as well as a hazard and vulnerability assessment of seismic and flooding events.>
Building partnerships, saving lives
In the megacities of Bangladesh, GFDRR and the World Bank work with local stakeholders to address the challenges of seismic and climate risk in a rapidly- urbanizing environment.
In India’s coastal regions of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, over 200,000 families depend on fishing and related activities for their livelihoods. A GFDRR-supported project aims to improve the sustainability and resilience of fisheries in the coastal regions, benefiting 300 families’ livelihoods, with 400 additional families projected to benefit from the project.
The GFDRR- and World Bank-supported Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project, launched in response to flash floods and landslides from unprecedented rainfall in June 2013, is designed to give women in Uttarakhand, India – many of whom single-handedly manage their homes, crops, and livestock – an equitable say in financing home reconstruction.
Two GFDRR- and World Bank-supported projects have reduced vulnerability by building the disaster risk management of local communities – with equal participation of men and women in disaster planning as the key component. The project has resulted in more than 300 cyclone shelters so far, with 226 maintenance committees and 149 village-level emergency-response task forces that comprise both women and men.
The Open Cities Kathmandu project helped create base maps of the Kathmandu Valley by digitizing building footprints, mapping road networks, and collecting information on other major points of interest. When two high-magnitude earthquakes struck Nepal in April and May 2015, killing nearly 9,000 people and destroying over a half a million homes, information gathered from this project proved crucial and helped inform response and recovery efforts.
In response to the May 2010 flood, the government of Sri Lanka sought technical and financial assistance from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and the World Bank Group to address the flood risk in the metropolitan capital with a population of more than two million.
Following the initial April 25 earthquake, GFDRR helped enable the Government of Nepal to conduct a post-disaster needs assessment, in collaboration with the Asian Development Bank, European Union, Government of Japan, United Nations, the World Bank, as well as other partners, and with the financial support of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Technical assistance from GFDRR and the World Bank informed recent steps to enhance Sri Lanka’s disaster resilience, including a $110 million investment towards reducing immediate and future physical risks as well as provisions for accessing $102 million in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster.
Effective disaster risk management significantly reduced casualties from Cyclone Phailin, and GFDRR and other partners are supporting the strengthening and scaling up of these efforts through the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP).
GFDRR and partners conducted a Joint Rapid Damage Needs Assessment (JRDNA) for the Uttarakhand region soon after the devastating 2013 monsoons, completing a thorough analysis of damage and providing the necessary foundation for recovery efforts to begin.