Niger

Active Grants: 17

GDP (current US$): 8.12 billion (2017)

Population: 21.48 million (2017)

Major Partners

African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group, European Union, Oxfam, United Nations Development Programme, World Bank, World Food Programme

INFORM Risk Rating: 7.2

Risk data from INFORM, a global open-source risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters, uses a scale from 0-10, with 10 as the highest level of risk.

Primary Hazards

For additional information on the natural hazard risk profile, visit ThinkHazard.

Context

Natural Hazard Risk

Niger is highly vulnerable to a number of natural hazards, particularly droughts, floods, landslides, and locus invasions.

Floods are the most common and recurring natural hazard. 2012 flooding, which hit the region the hardest, killed approximately 300 people and injured 6,000. Critical facilities experience $183 million in damages each year from flooding, of which $114 million in the education sector and $26 million in road infrastructure. In addition, almost 80 percent of the country is covered by the Sahara Desert. And the climatic and geographic transition into the Sahara creates enormous and unpredictable risk for water scarcity and drought. The average annual impact of this effect is $7 billion.

Climate change is causing increasingly irregular rainfall, rising temperatures, and desertification, which impacts agricultural productivity and food insecurity. While only 12.5 percent of land is arable, nearly 80 percent of the population work in agriculture, making this sector particularly vulnerable to climate-related hazards. Further, already insufficient drinking water supplies are under pressure due to the depletion of ponds and natural lakes and the reduced flow of the River Niger.

Government Priorities

In recent years, the Niger has advanced disaster risk management (DRM) efforts. The government has focused on sustainable development, building resilience to natural hazards, food shortages, and climate change, and on establishing related institutions for implementation.

The National Mechanism for the Prevention and Management of Disasters and Food Crises, under the Office of the Prime Minister, coordinates DRM activities. Its primary focus is operational strategies to reduce disaster risk and the frequency of food and nutritional crises, including their impacts on living conditions. Additionally, the National Council on Environment for Sustainable Development (CNEDD) is a cross-cutting coordinating body for environment and sustainable development. The Prime Minister’s Office and CNEDD supervise the country’s crisis and natural disaster prevention and management mechanisms, which includes the early warning system and the food crisis unit.

In 2011, the Government of Niger launched the 3N Initiative “Nigeriens Nourish Nigeriens.” It is the main framework for food and nutrition security interventions by public administrations, local authorities, and non-state actors by 2035. The initiative aims to strengthen national capacities in food production and supply, and resilience to food crises and disasters.

To further advance its DRM agenda, Niger is prioritizing: 

  • Lessening climate change impacts to strengthen sustainable development;
  • Establishing DRM financing mechanisms; and
  • Strengthening institutional capacity and improving data management.
GFDRR progress to date

Since 2008, GFDRR has taken steps to advance DRM both in Niger and in the Sahel region. Key areas have included risk reduction, disaster preparedness, and resilience building of Sahel populations vulnerable to drought and other natural hazards. 

In 2012, GFDRR assisted a comprehensive impact assessment to support the government to recover from the 2012 floods, which particularly hit the Tillabéri region. The assessment provided recovery and reconstruction interventions related to agriculture and urban development, and communication plans to ensure preparedness for the following flood season.

In addition, GFDRR supported a community-based disaster risk reduction project in 2012 to strengthen local civil society organizations. The project implemented community-based trainings, technical support, information gathering, institutional support to local structures, and facilitation of their relation with the national structures. Community members were trained in disaster risk reduction to enhance the inclusion of climate change adaptation and disaster risk management within 10 municipal development plans. The capacity of 46 community early warning, contingency planning, and emergency response systems were developed to streamline communication between the sectors and administrative levels, allowing for locally-informed and targeted responses. This project informed a $100 million World Bank project that aims to improve Niger’s resilience to natural hazards through DRM interventions and by strengthening the government's capacity to respond to crises.

GFDRR supported a risk resilience building project in the Sahel region. National governments, including Niger, and regional organizations improved their knowledge base on water resources for resilience and strengthened collaboration for disaster preparedness.

Beginning in 2015, GFDRR supported a project to help build the government’s action plan for risk information management and early warning systems. The project has developed a public information tool for data sharing that addresses the management of information on hazard, exposure, and vulnerability, and a program to support emergency response. 

Looking ahead, GFDRR anticipates demand from the Government of Niger on:

  • Mainstreaming DRM practices into development activities;
  • Strengthening natural hazard resilience; and
  • Improving the disaster preparedness of the population in disaster-prone areas. 

Grants Awarded by GFDRR 2007 - Present

Grant
Modernizing Hydrometeorological Services to Strengthen Climate Resilience in Africa
$2,074,578 01/2015 - 11/2017
Open Data for Resilience Initiative Technology and Capacity Building
$783,991 11/2014 - 09/2017
Building Resilience through Innovation and Open Data in Sub-Saharan Africa
$550,758 01/2017 - 10/2018
Just-in-Time Capacity Building and Advice for Climate Resilience
$3,100,000 01/2015 - 12/2018
Strengthening Global Hydromet System - Investment Support
$1,400,000 08/2015 - 07/2019
Enhancing financial protection resilience in V20 member countries
$400,000 10/2016 - 03/2019
Strengthening DRR Coordination, Planning and Policy Advisory Capacity of ECOWAS
$1,977,500 06/2015 - 12/2019
Disaster Risk Finance for Resilient Livelihoods
$3,114,309 06/2016 - 06/2019
Strengthening DRR Coordination, Planning and Policy Advisory Capacity of ECOWAS
$1,285,000 10/2016 - 06/2019
Africa Hydromet Technical Assistance: Capacity Building and Knowledge Exchange Program
$3,000,000 01/2017 - 12/2019
World Reconstruction Conference 3 - Knowledge and Lessons Learned from ACP Countries
$344,465 03/2017 - 04/2018
Facilitating regional risk financing and knowledge sharing initiatives – Labs team
$3,114,380 05/2015 - 02/2019
Facilitating regional risk financing and knowledge sharing initiatives – DRM team
$2,479,966 05/2015 - 02/2019
Supporting countries in developing risk financing strategies- DRF team
$5,944,092 05/2015 - 02/2019
Creating the enabling data environment for risk financing – Labs team
$4,267,206 04/2015 - 02/2019
Strengthening Social Protection through Forecast-based Financing in the Sahel
$400,000 11/2016 - 11/2019
Multi-Hazard Approach to Early Warning System with Focus on Flood Risk Management
$300,000 04/2015 - 06/2017

World Bank Engagements 2012 – Present

Project Description
Niger Community Action Project for Climate Resilience
$63 million | Start date: 01/2012 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve the resilience of the populations and of production systems to climate change and variability in targeted communes.

NIGER - Shared Growth Credit I
$50 million | Start date: 06/2012 (Closed)

The project development objective is to support reforms that would help improve the business environment for investment and trade, increase agriculture productivity, and strengthen public financial management.

Niger Basin Water Resources Development and Sustainable Ecosystems Management Program
$203 million | Start date: 10/2012 (Ongoing)

The program objective is to enhance regional coordination, development, and management of the Niger Basin's water resources. The development objective of this Project is to increase access to water for agriculture development and capacity for energy generation in the Niger part of the Niger Basin.

Niger Community Action Program Phase 3
$40 million | Start date: 05/2013 (Ongoing)

The development objectives of the community action program are to strengthen Niger's local development planning and implementation capacities, including the capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or emergency, and to improve the access of the targeted population to socio-economic services.

Niger Disaster Risk Management and Urban Development Project
$100 million | Start date: 12/2013 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve Niger’s resilience to natural hazards through selected disaster risk management interventions in targeted project sites and strengthening the government's capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or an emergency.

Niger Disaster Risk Management and Urban Development Project
- | Start date: 12/2013 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve Niger’s resilience to natural hazards through selected disaster risk management interventions in targeted project sites and strengthening the government's capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or an emergency.

Third Shared Growth Credit
$70 million | Start date: 03/2014 (Closed)

The operation’s overall development objectives are to: (i) improve the business environment for investment and trade; (ii) increase agricultural productivity; and (iii) improve public financial management.

Adaptive Social Safety Nets Project
$22.5 million | Start date: 04/2016 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Adaptive Social Safety Nets Project for Niger is to establish and support a safety nets system which will increase access of poor and food insecure households to cash transfer and cash for work programs.

Climate Smart Agriculture Support Project
$111 million | Start date: 05/2016 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Climate-smart Agriculture Support Project for Niger are to enhance adaptation to climate risks, to improve agricultural productivity among the Targeted Communities and in the event of an eligible crisis or emergency, to provide immediate and effective response to said eligible crisis or emergency.

Additional Financing for the Niger Community Action Phase 3
$20.8 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objective is to strengthen the Recipients local development planning and implementation capacities, to support the targeted population in improving agriculture productivity, and to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or emergency.