Uganda

Active Projects: 1

GDP (current US$): 25.52 billion (2016)

Population: 41.48 million (2016)

Major Partners

African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, African Development Bank, European Union, Intergovernmental Authority for Development, United Nations Development Programme, World Bank

INFORM Risk Rating: 6.0

Risk data from INFORM, a global open-source risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters, uses a scale from 0-10, with 10 as the highest level of risk.

Primary Hazards

For additional information on the natural hazard risk profile, visit ThinkHazard.

Context

Natural Hazard Risk

Uganda is regularly affected by multiple natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes. Flooding, particularly in low-lying areas, presents the largest risk. Each year, floods impact nearly 50,000 people and over $62 million in gross domestic product. 

Droughts affected close to 2.4 million people between 2004 and 2013, and drought conditions in 2010 and 2011 caused an estimated loss and damage value of $1.2 billion, equivalent to 7.5 percent of Uganda’s 2010 gross domestic product. Environmental degradation, underdeveloped irrigation systems, and near-absence of disaster preparedness at the community level are contributing factors to increasing drought risk in Uganda.

Climate change is likely to increase average temperatures in Uganda up to 1.5 degrees Centigrade by 2030 and 4.3 degrees Centigrade by 2080. Rainfall variability and rising temperatures are expected to lead to higher incidences of droughts and water scarcity.

Government Priorities

The government has taken steps to advance disaster risk management (DRM) and climate resilience. Uganda’s economic development framework has identified disaster management as one of the enabling sectors to achieve sustainable development. The Ministry of Disaster Preparedness and Refugees in the Office of the Prime Minister facilitates collaboration among ministries, local governments, and communities for disaster preparedness and management.

In 2008, the Climate Change Department within the Ministry of Water and Environment was established to strengthen Uganda’s implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. It coordinates national climate change actions in different sectors and monitors the implementation of mitigation and adaptation activities. In addition, in 2015, Uganda implemented the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and established a national resilience committee.

To further advance its DRM agenda, Uganda’s national priorities include:

  • Increasing the understanding of natural hazard and climate change risk;
  • Enhancing the country’s capacity to minimize the effects of disasters; and,
  • Integrating disaster preparedness and management into the development processes. 
GFDRR progress to date

Since 2008, GFDRR has supported the advancement of disaster risk management in Uganda. Key areas have included capacity building for disaster preparedness and management, and integration of disaster prevention into post-disaster recovery.

GFDRR supported a drought impact and needs assessment following severe droughts in 2010 and 2011. The assessment analyzed rainfall variability since 1960 and the effects of water deficits on different sectors, including agriculture, education, and health. The collected data helped identify recovery and reconstruction needs and possible DRM measures.  

In 2012, GFDRR supported activities for risk reduction and sustainable development in Horn of Africa countries, including Uganda. The activities promoted an enhanced ability to use regional modeling techniques to better prepare actors to manage risks associated with climate change.

Currently, GFDRR is supporting a risk identification and assessment project in Uganda. Its main activities include building a comprehensive understanding of national risk, developing community resilience by undertaking district-level risk assessments, and integrating DRM and climate change adaptation into economic development plans.  

GFDRR anticipates continuing to support the Government of Uganda in:

  • Strengthening institutional capacity to assess and to manage disasters and climate risks;
  • Building community-based preparedness and resilience; and,         
  • Developing disaster risk financing strategies and scalable social safety nets;

Projects Awarded by GFDRR 2007 - Present

Project Description
Uganda: Risk Assessment and Resilience Action Plan
$650,000 04/2015 - 12/2017

This project aims to promote a proactive approach to disaster risk management (DRM) in Uganda by building a comprehensive understanding of hazards, risks, and vulnerabilities to guide planning, programming, mainstreaming, and implementation of government interventions in a sustainable manner. There are four main activities within this project. The first activity will build a comprehensive understanding of Uganda’s risk by conducting a national risk assessment; developing and producing a National Risk Atlas; and developing a risk database to collect and store all necessary information on national risks for easy access. The second activity will support building community resilience through detailed risk assessments at district levels and conducting community-level vulnerability assessments to identify primary sources of vulnerability. The third activity will support institutional mapping, gap analysis, and development and implementation of sector-based community resilience activities to help mainstream resilience within sectors. Finally, the fourth activity will help increase capacity to effectively monitor and evaluate Uganda’s progress toward building resilience and have relevant data available for sector-based disaster risk reduction activities. This will be achieved through integrating DRM information and identified issues in the national household surveys to construct national resilience indicators to measure progress toward disaster risk reduction and disaster preparedness.

World Bank Engagements 2012 – Present

Project Description
Second Kampala Institutional and Infrastructure Development Project $175 million | Start date: 2014-3 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is enhanced infrastructure and institutional capacity to improve urban mobility in Kampala.

Water Management and Development Project $135 million | Start date: 2012-4 (Ongoing)

The project development objectives are to improve integrated water resources planning, management and development; and access to water and sanitation services in priority areas. The project will contribute to higher level goals of sustaining natural resources, improving service delivery, and increasing economic productivity