The rise of the Volunteer Technology Communities (VTC) brought a new set of organizational designs to problems that have often become snagged in bureaucracy. Instead of working in hierarchies, VTCs used flattened, decentralized structures with decision-making and conflict resolution mechanisms that were adapted from online communities like Wikipedia and opensource software development projects. As a result, the VTCs moved far faster than larger players in nearly all circumstances—and perhaps faster than established protocols will allow. It is here—in the politics and tempo of this new volunteer capability—that the bottom-up, grassroots structures need protocols to work with the top-down systems within large organizations.