It is estimated that it will cost trillions of dollars to meet rising aspirations for better infrastructure, health, and education in developing countries—more than multilateral development banks or international donors can provide by themselves. Therefore, there is an increasing demand for and attention on public-private-partnerships (PPPs) to maximize finance for development.

This report presents a case study of infrastructure PPP projects in Japan. Japan’s experience in structuring resilient infrastructure PPPs offers policy recommendations and insights on how disaster and climate risks can be managed under PPPs.