Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a dynamic urban center in one of the least densely populated countries in the world. The city has seen marked population growth over the past decade, buoyed by a steady stream of internal migrants who are drawn to the opportunities of living and working in the country’s political, financial, and economic hub. Since 2010, over 125,000 people have arrived in Ulaanbaatar, bringing its total population to 1.4 million.
A linchpin of the city’s economic development, Ulaanbaatar’s transport system is facing increasing stress from its rising population, which is likely to be exacerbated by the impacts of climate change. Despite improvements in recent years, its transport infrastructure still faces major challenges in access and connectivity, including in its underdeveloped road network.
Both the central government of Mongolia and the Municipality of Ulaanbaatar strongly recognize the importance of bolstering the long-term resilience of the city’s transport infrastructure. GFDRR is supporting the municipality in building the city’s first-ever comprehensive inventory of transport assets, such as roads, traffic signals and signs, pedestrian facilities, and bridges. This inventory will help officials track the location and condition of these assets, and maintain them and invest accordingly.
RESULTS IN NUMBERS
Mapped 1,100 kilometers of all paved streets and collected 340,000 street-view images
In recent years, the Municipality of Ulaanbaatar has initiated and implemented a number of transport infrastructure investment projects. With the harsh climatic conditions and increasing frequency of climate-related disasters, the existing infrastructure is prone to rapid degradation. The World Bank support in this regard is timely and will benefit both public officials managing the city’s transport assets and residents who rely on them daily.
—J. Togtokhbayar, Director of the Road Development Authority of Ulaanbaatar.