Call for Proposals: Challenge Fund for Developing an Agricultural Risk Financing Tool for Southern Africa

Context

The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Platform for Agriculture Risk Management (PARM), the Centre for Disaster Protection,  and the World Bank’s Agriculture Observatory, Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance Program and its London Hub are launching a new Challenge Fund to support Southern African countries to develop innovative agriculture risk financing tools to help inform and support public sector policy and program decision making regarding allocation of public resources to reduce economic losses, poverty and food insecurity.

The increasing severity and frequency of extreme weather events and growing threats from plant and livestock pests/diseases threaten to undermine regional food security, poverty reduction efforts and the achievement of the SDGs.

The World Bank Group (WBG) has ongoing efforts for improving the managing agriculture risks and to promote climate change adaptation and resilience in the agriculture sector.  O include: Famine Risk Reduction Initiative, Global Crisis Risk Platform, African Disaster Risk Financing Initiative, and Global Index Insurance Facility, among others.

In order to prioritize investments in resilience and preparedness to reduce agriculture losses, poverty and food insecurity, and de-risk agriculture investments, decision makers need tools that capture accurately the economic and social impact of agricultural risks. To incentivize the development of these tools, the WB is launching an innovation challenge to the community of experts aiming at building integrated systems that can leverage existing data sources, analytics & models to assess in a granular, scalable and dynamic way the various dimensions of economic impact induced by agricultural stressors.

 

Scope of Work: The Challenge

Design a tool that can support public finance decisions based on an integrated approach for the management of agriculture sector risks. The tool will be based on an agricultural-focused financial model, to be used by national governments (Regional and subnational applications will also be considered) in Southern Africa (member countries of the Southern Africa Development Community - SADC) to understand and mitigate against the adverse financial impact to the public sector of extreme shocks to the agriculture sector (major hazards must include extreme weather events and second order effects on agriculture commodity price volatility and/or animal & plant diseases).  The tool should allow for macro (national, sovereign) level risk financing decisions, but more disaggregated level analysis (subnational/meso and farm/micro level) is encouraged.

 

Who may apply?

The Challenge Fund is open to proposals around the thematic challenge (see below section 4) under a specific set of technical specifications.

Three key principles should inform all grant proposals: 

  1. all proposals need to demonstrate a new or different approach which requires funding from the challenge fund to be developed, and the proposal should demonstrate why this could not be supported from more traditional funding sources;
     
  2. all products and outputs should show a clear path to ultimately be operationalized on-the-ground by Southern African Governments (individually at the national level or as a block at the regional level); 
     
  3. all approaches should be scalable to other regions or countries in Sub Sharan Africa. 


Individual projects may focus on weather hazards or multiple hazards using weather as the first order impact (see section 4 below). A clearly identified need or problem and a practical application of the proposed innovation will be key for a successful proposal. 

 

Technical Specifications

The agricultural financial tool will need to explain the linkage between three main elements below in order to create a tool that will allow the development of probability estimates for financial losses.  However, proposals that use alternative elements for risk analysis are also encouraged, in particular those using big data and machine learning to arrive at risk analysis for agriculture sector risk assessments.

  • Hazards – the categorization and modeling of the weather risk being considered (rainfall, temperature, wind, etc.) plus any additional risk (food price, shocks, animal/plant health risks)

    - Participants will identify the models and datasets necessary to model risks (see thematic areas below)

    - Example of datasets used to model weather risks:
    o    Temperature measurements
    o    Precipitation measurements
    o    Soil moisture
    o    NDVI
    o    Evapotranspiration indices
     
  • Vulnerability – an estimation of what the impact of the realized risk would be, given the assets affected by the event and considering the current ability to manage the. The vulnerability is heavily influenced by many local variables, such as soil, crop varieties, cultural practices, household income/poverty levels, and access/availability of irrigation, drainage, grain storage, weather info/advisory, and other infrastructure services. It should also be noted that the agricultural risk assessment is particularly dependent on the relationship between the timing of the loss event and the agricultural calendar.


For example, a measure of vulnerability is the percent lost in crop yields due to the occurrence of a particular weather event of a particular severity at a particular time during the crop growth cycle.

  • Exposure – assessment of assets and communities “at risk”, from various perspectives, such as:
    o    Type of crops by location
    o    Livestock population and composition, by location
    o    Farm holdings/producers that may be directly impacted by hazard
    o    Agro-climatic zones
    o    Topography, vegetative cover, soil types, watersheds
    o    Crop yield levels
    o    Land use maps, irrigated zones 
    o    Weather stations, other infrastructure


The risk assessment performed following the steps above will culminate with the delivery of outputs that would support the public sector’s decision making via the quantification of: (i) economic losses to the agriculture sector; (ii) changes in poverty rates; and (iii) changes in food security. 

Core Thematic Area: Agricultural Financial Model for Weather Related Risks

   - Fast onset risks: sudden, unforeseen events
    o   Excess rainfall and flood (riverine, flash, coastal)
    o   Temperatures (high/low)
    o   Wind (tornados, cyclones, etc.)
    o   Hail 
    o   Bushfires

   - Slow onset risks: cumulative events that occur over an extended period (drought)
    o   Rainfall deficit
    o   High temperatures (impact in evapotranspiration)

Optional Thematic Areas:

Additional Thematic Area 1: Agricultural Financial Model Animal & Plant Disease Related Risks

Additional Thematic Area 2: Agricultural Financial Model for Commodity (food) Price Risk (as a secondary impact)

 

    What are the criteria for proposals?

    Submitted proposals will be ranked according to the following criteria: 

    Required:

    • Present a clear strategy for developing a tool for the public sector financing of agriculture risks (following the technical specifications described above) that assess the economic impact in agriculture, poverty and food insecurity, in the Core Thematic Area described above.  Priority will be given to proposal that also add second order effects on risks from Thematic Areas 1 and/or 2 described above.
    • Articulation of proposed tool (solution and approach)
    • Identify existing data gaps in any of the model components (hazard, vulnerability, exposure) that pose difficulties to the development process and propose solutions to overcome them
    • Geographical focus on Southern African countries (defined by those countries members of the Southern Africa Development Community – SADC)
    • Establish a clear path towards operationalizing the product on-the-ground, by choosing countries where the tool would be implemented first (at least 2 countries within the geographical focus)
    • Demonstrate the capacity of the proposed solution to scaleup to more countries/regions
    • Meet World Bank eligibility requirements (see below)


    Preferred:

    • Development and usage of open access data, products, tools and approaches 
    • Open source technological solutions that are simple and replicable are encouraged
    • Wherever data gaps have been identified, identify and propose alternative data sources and strategies to overcome the lack of the respective datasets.
    • Projects that present a clear strategy for bridging the gap between innovation and users, including through co-productive approaches and user consultations 
    • Involvement of local research or other partners in developing countries on an equal basis. 
    • New partnerships to develop cross sectoral and collaborative teams (including members from the public, private, NGO and academic sectors) 
    •  Encouraging training and capacity development of users
    • Potential for using the tool beyond public sector (such as NGOs, banks, insurance companies, agribusinesses, etc.)
    • Ability to leverage other projects and investment to deliver greater impact

     

    What are the operating principles?

    • More than one proposal per institution is allowed.
    • The proposals must follow the provided template in the link below.
    • Consortiums, partnerships and collaboration on projects among different organizations are encouraged.

    The Challenge Fund aims to bridge the gap between innovators and users to build disaster and climate resilience. A demonstrated track record and interest in building resilience is key in any successful application.

     

    What funding is available?

    The winner(s) of the challenge will receive an invitation to a 2-day expert workshop in London during the month of August 2019 (travel expenses paid).  The objective of the expert workshop will be to: (i) review the proposals in detail (through oral presentations and Q&A sessions); (ii) identify opportunities for partnerships among proponents; and (iii) identify opportunities for improving key data constraints.  From the workshop, one or several proposals could be selected for receiving grants to develop the proposed tools in pilot country applications.  Grants are expected to range from USD 100,000 up to USD 300,000. The proposal should clearly explain and justify the requested budget.

     

    How do I apply?

    Applications for this round are now closed. Here's what's happening next:


    Proposals will be reviewed by a World Bank Expert Working Group. This will be based on the outlined criteria. Up to 10 proposals will be selected for invitation at the expert workshop. Successful applicants will be notified by email by July 1, 2019. Proponents should plan (if selected) to participate in the expert workshop in London on August 8-9, 2019.  Note: If your proposal is selected, you may receive feedback from the Expert Working Group to maximize the impact of your proposal to be presented at the expert workshop. *For shortlisted applicants, a Request for a Powerpoint Presentation (RFPP) will be issued to get the material for further evaluation at the expert workshop on August 8-9 2019.

    After the expert workshop, selected proposals will be asked to submit a full proposal by August 23, 2019.

    The grant will be made upon completion of contractual negotiations with the World Bank Group. Awarded institutions must be able to meet the vendor eligibility requirements of the World Bank Group. Teams will have between 3 to 12 months to complete their project in the selected pilot locations (depending on the proposal, funding and number of countries to be covered).

    Public Announcements of the Proposals Funded in this Round will be made in September 2019.

    For more information, please email Diego Arias (darias@worldbank.org), Martin Gurria (mgurria@worldbank.org), and Chidozie Anyiro (canyiro@worldbank.org).  Please see link below for questions received and responses given to date.

    LINK TO QUESTIONS RECEIVED AND RESPONSES