Uganda: Risk Assessment and Resilience Action Plan
Context and Objectives
The National Development Plan (NDP), Uganda’s overall framework for economic development, identified “disaster management” as one of the enabling sectors that needs to be developed in order to achieve sustainable development. There is evidence of a strong correlation between disasters and poverty rates in Uganda as disasters affect the agricultural-base, the main source of income to the rural households. Studies have shown that poverty rates have been highest in rural areas where prevalence of disasters has been highest, and lowest in urban areas where the prevalence has been lowest.
In this context, an ACP-EU NDRR project was launched, which aimed to:
- Improve understanding of national disaster risk in Uganda. Build the country's Understanding of disaster risks by (i) conducting a national risk assessment on key hazards; (ii) developing a National Risk Atlas; and (iii) developing a Disaster Risk database to collect and store information relevant for information decision-makers on selected natural hazards.
- Build community resilience through improved disaster risk knowledge. This component supported activities that contributed to building community resilience through; (i) undertaking detailed risk assessments at district levels; (ii) conducting participatory community level vulnerability assessments to the underlying sources of underlying vulnerability to selected hazards; and (iii) incorporating new knowledge on disaster risks into community resilience plans and community-driven disaster risk reduction interventions aimed at improving resilience.
- Mainstream multi-sectoral Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) considerations at the community level. This component supported activities that contributed to: (i) raise disaster risk awareness among disaster-sensitive sectoral audiences; (ii) implement targeted community-level multi-sectoral DRR and CCA interventions; and (iii) develop an institutional mapping and resource gap analysis.
- Measure progress towards building resilience. This component supported activities that contributed to: (i) building stakeholders' capacity to effectively monitor natural hazards and the levels of exposure and vulnerability of communities and households, their assets, and their livelihoods; (ii) gauging communities' own perceptions of risks through, amongst others, gathering disaster risk-related information as part of the national household surveys to be used as input to a set of well-targeted DRR Resilience Indicators, and (iii) building the set of DRR Resilience indicators and data management tools that helped transform datasets into actionable information and recommendations supporting disaster-sensitive sectors' decision making processes.
- Building comprehensive understanding of Uganda’s risk by conducting a national risk assessment; developing and producing a National Risk Atlas; and developing Risk Database to collect and store all necessary information on national risks for easy access;
- Building community resilience through undertaking detailed risk assessments at district levels; conducting community level vulnerability assessments to identify primary sources of vulnerability, using such information to develop community resilience plans and translating these plans into community resilience activities for disaster mitigation and prevention;
- Mainstreaming resilience within sectors (building on the rationale that disasters cut across sectors), so as to effectively engage all the sectors in supporting community resilience by implementing disaster risk sensitive programs. This was done through institutional mapping and gap analysis, and developing and implementing sector-based community resilience activities; and
- Measuring progress towards building resilience, with the objective of increasing capacity to effectively monitor and evaluate Uganda’s progress towards building resilience and having relevant data available for sector-based disaster risk reduction activities.
- Providing support to Kampala City, by: Developing a Disaster Risk Management and Resilience Strategy for Kampala; Providing training and support for risk-sensitive land use planning; Providing support to open mapping; Assessing building regulations for resilience in Kampala.
The following results were achieved:
- A Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and disaster recovery training was delivered in February 2016, which aimed to strengthen the capacity for disaster response in line ministries. Three training events were conducted, with 100 people trained on DRM and 45 trained on PDNA and the disaster recovery framework.
- An review of Uganda’s legal and institutional framework for DRR and CCA was conducted.
- A flood risk assessment for the Kasese district was carried out by technical experts from the Makerere University, to identify the factors associated with the Nyamwamba River flooding. The report identified possible risk mitigation and community resilience measures, which were later further assessed in an Environmental and Societal Impact Assessment. The capacity of the College of Engineering, Design, Art and Technology at the Makerere University was enhanced through their participation in the project.
- Support was provided to Kampala City, which is to inform planned World Bank investments in Kampala. The included a guiding document indicating the options for technical assistance on DRM, which was developed in close consultation with the Kampala Capital City Authority. A 2-day Kampala Disaster and Climate Resilience Strategy Workshop took place, and an output document from the workshop consolidated over 250 previous recommendations for resilience enhancing measures.
- A 1-day training on risk-informed land use planning, including understanding hazard risks, was completed in August 2018.
- Support was provided to the Office of the Prime Minister for the preparation and review of the National Disaster Preparedness and Management Bill. The principles of the bill were reviewed by the project team, and feedback was provided to the Office of the Prime Minister, bringing key international experience and lessons learned in Africa to the Bill’s development.
Partnerships and Coordination
In addition to the close collaboration with the European Union, this project sought collaboration and synergies with relevant activities implemented and/or financed by other partner development agencies, including specialized agencies of the UN, USAID, EU and the African Development Bank.
- Risk identification and assessment
Window of Action
- Window 2
- 04/2015 - 02/2020