Solomon Islands: Honiara Flood Risk Study and Management Plan

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Flooding damage, Honiara, April 2014. Source: IFRC

Context and Objectives
As a small Pacific island state, Solomon Islands is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters. Catastrophic risk modelling by the World Bank suggests that Solomon Islands is expected to incur, on average, US$20.5 million per year in losses due to earthquakes and tropical cyclones.  Honiara is the capital city of the Solomon Islands and serves as its main transport hub and economic, political and educational centre. It is the most densely populated area of the country.  Some 52,000 people are estimated to have been affected by the April 2014 flooding, equivalent to around 10 percent of the population of the country. Up to 80% of the capital’s population were affected.  This includes those who had their properties destroyed or severely damaged, as well as those who lost their livelihoods (for example, through damage to their food gardens).  There was also significant disruption to transport, with key bridges around Honiara being washed away.  Furthermore, some 35% of residents live in informal settlements, which are now spreading beyond the City boundary, often in houses susceptible to cyclones and floods.  This has the potential to increase the risks to the population from flooding, as more people move into flood prone land.
The project objective is to investigate urban flood risk and provide quality information to better manage and reduce flood risks in the greater Honiara area, thereby building and strengthening the city’s disaster preparedness and resilience to weather extremes.

Main Activities
Component 1: Preparation of Flood Risk Study. This component includes the preparation of a detailed flood risk study report, which provides: 

  • A description of the hydrologic and hydraulic analyses that has been undertaken; 
  • A presentation of results showing extents, depths, levels and hazard of design flood events; 
  • A detailed assessment of flood risk in the study area; 
  • A description of the impacts of climate change on flood behavior and risk;  
  • The identification and assessment of flood risk management options.

Component 2:  Planning for future flood risk. This component includes two sub-components: 

  • Investigation of Flood Risk Management Options. 
  • Development of Flood Risk Management Plan.  

Results
The terms of reference for the Honiara Flood Risk Study that were prepared following the Honiara Flooding in April 2014 have been finalized, and the contract for conducting the flood risk study was signed in early 2018. 
An inception report exploring available data, additional data requirements,  and the methodology was prepared in November 2018. The report was informed by an inception mission, which allowed for the familiarization with the study area , enabling to tailor the modelling and mapping activities as required.

Partnerships and Coordination
Stakeholders have been consulted widely in the finalization of the terms of reference. Valuable feedback was received by a range of stakeholders, including government agencies and local government.
 

Country
Region
  • Pacific
Priority area
  • Risk identification and assessment
Window of Action
  • Window 2
Amount approved
  • $500,000
Co-financing
  • $0
Duration
  • 06/2017 - 04/2019