Vanuatu: Strengthening the Institutional and Legal Framework for Disaster Risk Management

Context and Objectives

In recent years, Vanuatu faced several natural disasters, such as Tropical Cyclone Pam and volcanic eruptions (Ambae, Ambrym, Tanna). Given the increasing risk from disasters, there is a need for a Disaster Risk Reduction framework and for the harmonization of policies  at national-, sectoral-, and provincial levels. This helps the Government of Vanuatu to reduce the underlying drivers of disaster risk, and take effective action as early as possible after a disaster.

This ACP-EU NDRR project is providing technical assistance to relevant Ministries and agencies to strengthen selected national DRM policies and strategies, leading to the enhanced capacity for the implementation and prioritization of DRM programs.

Main Activities

Component 1: Mainstreaming DRM Policies and Strategies in Sectoral Development Planning.

Activities under this component provide technical and analytical support to help the government make informed decisions about strengthening resilient development policies. The project assists the government in analyzing current policies and strategies and identify areas where strengthening and harmonization of policies is needed for effective DRM, in particular for risk reduction.

Component 2: Resilient Recovery

Activities under this component support policy dialogue and technical input for an overarching "Disaster Recovery Framework" (DRF). This DRF offers policy- and strategic guidance for the preparation and implementation of post-disaster recovery measures and "build back better" measures, as well as for releasing, accessing and implementing sources of post-disaster finance.

Results

The project has enabled the final analysis and technical input to the Vanuatu Disaster Risk Management Development Policy Grant with a Catastrophe-Deferred Drawdown Option (CAT-DDO). This work  has included advisory support for policy and institutional reforms, including:

  • Support for reviewing and finalizing the new National Disaster Risk Management Act, which provides for the development and implementation of regulations, frameworks, and plans at the national, provincial and municipal levels. This has enabled the integration of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation across different sectors including agriculture, infrastructure, water, health, and education.
  • The integration of key disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation-related provisions in the National Land Subdivision Policy, including requirements and guidelines for all land developers to prepare concept plans for site assessments.

Partnerships and Coordination

The project is implemented in close collaboration with the Office of the Prime Minister of Vanuatu and its Department of Strategic Planning, Policy, and Aid Coordination, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Management, and the Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disasters.

Country
Region
  • Pacific
Window of Action
  • Window 2
Amount approved
  • $200,000
Duration
  • 02/2019 - 09/2020