Strengthening the policy and regulatory framework for Disaster Risk Management in Tuvalu
Context and Objectives
Tuvalu is located in an area with frequent tropical cyclones bringing damaging winds, rains, and storm surge usually between the months of October and May. In 2015, Cyclone Pam displaced 45 percent of the population of Tuvalu. The wind speeds associated with these cyclones can generate moderate to severe damage to buildings, infrastructure, and crops with significant economic losses. While no significant earthquakes have been recorded in Tuvalu in recent history, it is surrounded by the Pacific “ring of fire” and as such is exposed to tsunamis.
This project provided technical and analytical support to the relevant ministries and agencies to review their Disaster Risk Management (DRM) policies, plans, and regulations, potential gaps, and identified priority reform actions for the Government. These activities contributed to enhanced capacity for implementation of the National Strategic Action Plan for Climate Change and DRM.
- Component 1: Disaster Risk Reduction Policies and Regulations. This component helped the Government analyze their policies and regulatory frameworks, and identified areas where increased strengthening and harmonization were needed for effective DRM, particularly risk reduction.
- Component 2: Resilient Disaster Recovery. This component supported policy dialogue and targeted technical inputs to the Government’s review process for the 2008 National Disaster Act, the 2012 National DRM Arrangements, and national contingency plans.
Main Activities and Results
This project provided the analytical inputs to the policy reforms supported under the Tuvalu First Resilience Development Policy Operation with a Catastrophe-Deferred Drawdown Option (Cat-DDO), which was approved by the World Bank Board in December 2019. This support was provided to the following areas:
- The Tuvalu Asset Management Framework (TAMF) was developed to ensure that public sector infrastructure assets in Tuvalu deliver their intended functions with economic efficiency, without compromising public health and safety. The TAMF aims to improve asset performance, resilience, and service life, including by integrating resilience in infrastructure design to reduce vulnerability to natural hazards and improved monitoring and maintenance of assets to extend asset-life, while adopting a risk-based approach for prioritizing investments.
- The Building Act of 2019 was developed, which supports a shift in focus from managing disasters to addressing the underlying drivers of physical risk. Reducing risk to buildings, especially residential ones, is crucial to saving lives and protecting communities, as more resilient buildings are fundamental to the safety of occupants during tropical cyclones. The Building Act became effective on July 1, 2019, and focuses on disaster risk reduction and climate change impacts.
This work provided valuable support to the government of Tuvalu in the form of technical inputs, analysis, and assistance to relevant ministries and agencies to improve DRM and CCA integration in policies and institutional frameworks.
Partnerships and Coordination
The project was implemented by the World Bank in close collaboration with Tuvalu's Climate Change and Disaster Policy Unit, Disaster Management Office, National Disaster Committee, and relevant sectoral agencies.
Window of Action
- Window 2
- 05/2019 - 08/2021