The member States of ECCAS form a diversity of agroecological zones. The vast majority of peri-urban and rural communities depend on traditional production systems to survive and maintain their livelihoods. These communities are very poor. Little arable land is available and production systems are vulnerable to climate hazards. National regulatory frameworks for natural disaster management are incomplete in most of the countries. Those that do exist suffer from a lack of good governance. As a result, communities are acutely affected by natural disasters, and they find it difficult to recover from the latter.
Several documents were published that provide a state of play and recommendations on the agro-sylvo-pastoral and fisheries systems in the face of natural disasters in ECCAS member states.
The main document contains recommendations towards all actors involved in the management of natural disasters in the agro-sylvo-pastoral and fisheries sector of the ECCAS Member States. It also includes a draft action plan for ECCAS to support its Member States as they aim for efficient natural disaster management as far as national agro-sylvo-pastoral and fisheries sector is concerned. The recommendations and the draft action plan are formulated based on the results from three case studies. The first is a diagnostic of natural disasters and their impacts on the agro-sylvo-pastoral and fisheries sector in the ECCAS 11 Member States. The second is a repository of the existing mechanisms for the resilience of local populations’ livelihoods affected by natural disasters. The last is an analysis of the ECCAS Member States’ needs for hydrometeorological services for agro-sylvo-pastoral and fisheries sector.