Pacific: Programmatic Technical Assistance - Building Climate and Disaster Resilience
Context and Objectives
The objective of the project was to develop tools and methodologies to increase the capacity in up to seven selected Pacific Island Countries in disaster early warning, preparedness and response, as well as for resilient infrastructure/sector investments and development planning. In addition, the project aimed to undertake a needs assessment for providing end-to-end multi-hazard early warning services, and to develop an investment plan for upgrading and strengthening early warning and preparedness systems.
The selected countries were the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu. The countries were selected based on their commitment to participate in a regional investment program, the World Bank-funded Pacific Resilience Program, which strengthens and modernizes early warning and preparedness systems.
Main Activities and Results
Regarding the mainstreaming of DRM and CCA, the following results were achieved:
- A knowledge note on Supporting Road Network Vulnerability Assessments in Pacific Island Countries, and on Urban Flood Risk Management in the Pacific, were finalized.
- In Fiji, a risk assessment of the health and education sector was conducted, and a background note on the mainstreaming of DRM in human settlements was developed.
- In Samoa, technical assistance was provided for a road vulnerability assessment. The West Coast Road Project knowledge note was developed, which informs the World Bank-financed USD 17,02 million Enhancing the Climate Resilience of the West Coast Road Project.
- In the Republic of the Marshall Islands, support was provided for a rapid assessment of coastal hazards and disaster risk.
- In Vanuatu, support was provided to the Office of the Prime Minister to ensure that resilience principles and build back better-considerations are integrated in the Disaster Recovery Framework that is being developed by the government.
- In Samoa, Tonga, and Vanuatu, rapid assessments of school buildings were completed.
Regarding the needs assessments for providing multi-hazard early warning services, and the development of an investment plan for the strengthening of EWS in the pacific, the following results were achieved:
- A needs assessment report was prepared for Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu and the Republic of Marshall Islands.
- Country investments plans were developed based on the needs assessment, and the proposals are integrated and financed under the Pacific Resilience Program (PREP) in Samoa (US$ 9.25 million) and Tonga (US$11.46 million). A regional technical assistance component has been included in the PREP and implemented by Pacific Community (US$2.28 million).
Partnerships and Coordination
There has been extensive consultation in terms of early warning system activities with the government of Samoa and Tonga, and to a lesser extent with the government of Vanuatu. Consultations have taken place with finance ministries, and ministries and technical agencies responsible for disaster preparedness and response (i.e., National Disaster Management Offices, as well as agencies responsible for weather forecasting). There has been close coordination with donors involved in CREWS (Climate Risk & Early Warning Systems).
A blog post on the knowledge note on urban flood risk management is available here.
- Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction (DRR)
Window of Action
- Window 1
- 10/2014 - 07/2020