Mali - Rapid Assessment and Disaster Recovery Framework
Context and Objectives
On 16 May, 2019, a sudden torrential downpour in Bamako, Mali lasted several hours and created flash floods which affected several parts of the capital city, resulting in 15 casualties.
Following an official request from the Malian Civil Protection Directorate, the ACP-EU NDRR Program launched a Rapid Assessment and a Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) to support effective recovery planning following the floods.
In coordination with the UN and the EU, this project conducted a rapid damage assessment as well as a DRF. The latter included drone mapping activities which will allow for a better understanding of the recovery and reconstruction needs. Specific components included:
- Component 1- Rapid Damage Assessment: In view of the preparation of a rapid damage assessment, the World Bank has mobilized, together with the European Union (EU) and the United Nations (UN), a Disaster Risk Management (DRM) team and sectoral experts to support the national government, their departments and agencies to conduct a rapid damage assessment of the impacts of the May 16 floods. Activities included (i) one day training on the PDNA process; (ii) characterization of the hazard event and diagnosis of the genesis of the flash floods of May 16; (iii) gathering of data from the ministries and agencies, as well as from the field to assess the damage and losses from the different sectors; (iv) evaluation of the economic damage and losses; and (v) validation and dissemination workshop.
- Component 2-Disaster Recovery Framework: In addition to the rapid damage assessment, the project supported the formulation of a DRF aiming to enable resilience and promoting resilience. Activities under this component include (i) support the data collection and assessment of the flood impacts with the support of drone mapping of greater Bamako; (ii) identification of a recovery and reconstruction strategy that promotes building back-better and resilience building for the future; (iii) identification of recovery and reconstruction needs; (iv) the costing of recovery and reconstruction needs, notably for the transport, housing and agriculture and fishery sectors; as well as (v) a validation of the results with stakeholders in Mali.
Meetings were held with sectoral teams designated by the Ministries of affected sectors to share the findings and recommendations from the rapid assessment report, including for housing, water and sanitation, transport, education, health, environment and DRR, as well as with the Bamako municipal authorities.
In addition, a workshop was organized on 25 September 2019 with stakeholders from the Ministry of Security and Civil Protection to discuss options for recovery. During this workshop, the government decided on the prioritization criteria for recovery programs and sectors, and confirmed the strategic direction set forth in the rapid assessment report and the institutional mechanism that would be co-lead by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Security and Civil Protection.
Recommendations for future actions included preparing and implementing a national DRR policy integrating recovery and the four Sendai priorities. New financing initiatives were also proposed, such as establishing contigency funds and recovery funds with flexible arrangements, mobilizing additional sources of internal and external funding, and accelerating mobilization and disbursement procedures in case of disaster response and recovery. At the institutional level, suggestions included improvements to the Inter-ministerial Committee framework for disaster prevention and response; providing the national platform with an operating budget, and continuing to decentralize national platform bodies at the regional and national levels.
Partnerships and Coordination
The project was executed by the World Bank and implemented in collaboration with the General Directorate of Civil Protection (Ministry of Security and Civil Protection). The sectors that were included in the rapid assessment and DRF included the Environment, Urban, Health, Infrastructures, and Agriculture, (including livestock and fisheries, economic trade and governance). Each sector was represented by at least one representative in the elaboration of the rapid assessment and DRF. Therefore, key counterparts included the Ministry of Security and Civil Protection, Ministry of Transport and Mobility; Ministry of Infrastructure and Equipment; Ministry of Energy and Water; Ministry of Environment, Sanitation and Sustainable Development; Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries; Ministry of Habitat, Urban and Social Housing; Ministry of Economy and Finances, as well as some stakeholders from non-governmental organizations and private sector already active in the contingency planning process.
Window of Action
- Window 3
- 06/2019 - 06/2020