Haiti: Building Disaster and Climate Resilience in Haiti
Context and Objectives
Haiti remains extremely vulnerable to natural disasters, with over 93 percent of its surface and more than 96 percent of its population exposed to the risk of two or more hazards, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. Building resilience with better risk prevention and management will be a key step to protect households, livelihoods, and assets.
The Building Disaster and Climate Resilience in Haiti project builds on the activities conducted under the ACP-EU NDRR project "Haiti: Disaster Risk Management Mainstreaming and Capacity Building Program." The follow-up project will now provide analytical tools and capacity building support to the Government of Haiti to strengthen its disaster preparedness and response capacity, and to improve the understanding and contingency planning activities in sectors that are essential for disaster preparedness and emergency response (including the education-, health-, and transport sectors).
In addition to delivering analytical tools and capacity building, the project seeks to enhance the transparency and efficiency of post-disaster expenditures. In this way, the project informs the preparation of the $35 million World Bank-funded project "Haiti: Strengthening Disaster Risk Management and Climate Resilience", which improves Municipal Civil Protection Committees' emergency preparedness and disaster response performance and to increase the network of shelters in selected municipalities in climate risk-prone areas.
Component 1: Strengthening hydro-meteorological data management and services, and understanding flood risks for early warning. This includes:
- Strengthening the National Haiti Hydrological Unit;
- Supporting local flood risk assessments;
- Supporting the development of community-level Early Warning Systems
- Providing better targeted hydromet data for sectors to strengthen their knowledge of risks.
Component 2: Assessing the vulnerability of key critical public services essential for preparedness and emergency response. This includes:
- Developing a methodology to prioritize risk reduction investments for critical infrastructures of targeted sectors such as education, health and transport.
Component 3: Strengthening emergency preparedness. This includes supporting the operationalization of the new Disaster Risk Management law and supporting the new Civil Protection General Directorate, through:
- Conducting institutional diagnostic, providing advice, and reinforcing organizational structures and capabilities;
- Identifying investment needs in human resources and infrastructures required for core functions;
- Assisting in strategic and financial planning, investment prioritization, budgeting and controlling.
Component 4: Enhancing transparency and efficiency of post disaster expenditures. This includes:
- Developing a comprehensive set of operating rules for the Emergency Fund;
- Ehancing ex-ante public procurement arrangements and streamlining fiduciary arrangements to increase the ability to track post-disaster expenditures.
To date, the following results have been achieved:
- The project has supported a preliminary needs assessment for the development of a local flood risk model that will feed into risk-informed community level Early Warning Systems;
- The flood risk model was used to support the government in the development of 2 sectorial Disaster Risk Management plans;
- The flood risk model has been utilized to inform investment decision making under Component 2 regarding prioritized locations in need of increased shelter capacities.
- A methodology was developed that allows for identifying future physical investments and informing capital investment plans, based on a cost-benefit analysis;
- The methodology has been used as a prototype for prioritizing locations with shelter investment needs.
- An institutional diagnostic was developed for the Civil Protection General Directorate, with a focus on the identification of investments required for core functions and emergency shelter infrastructure;
- A behavioural diagnostic was conducted, to develop a better understanding of the structural (e.g. problems with the dissemination of Early Warning information) and behavioural barriers that limit people’s ability to evacuate to safe locations during hurricanes.
- A thorough review of the Post-Disaster Public Financial Management system in Haiti was conducted in collaboration with the World Bank Governance unit, identifying the system’s strengths and weaknesses. General recommendations were made to strengthen this system, including improvements to the transparency of the emergency fund of the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
Partnerships and Coordination
The project is implemented in close collaboration with national counterparts and development partners, including the Civil Protection Directorate of the Ministry of Interior and Local Authorities, the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training, the Ministry of Public Health and Population, and the National Geospatial Information of the Ministry of Planning.
Window of Action
- Window 2
- 08/2018 - 12/2020