Democratic Republic of the Congo: Kinshasa Urban Development and Resilience Project
Context and Objectives
This project aims to enhance resilient development of Kinshasa, by increasing understanding of hazard risks, and by enhancing the uptake of risk information in decision-making processes on key investments.
The project informs the preparation and implementation of the World Bank Kinshasa Urban Development and Resilience project (150 million US$). The latter project supports with various investments the Government’s efforts to improve the living conditions of populations of selected poor and vulnerable neighbourhoods of Kinshasa. The ACP-EU NDRR project will climate-proof these investments and disseminate good practices.
The project has the following specific components:
- Component 1: Flood risk assessment, with a specific focus on Kisenso and Kimbanseke areas. Flood risk mapping includes the analysis of both hazard (fluvial and urban flooding), exposure (of assets, outputs and population) and vulnerability. The existing drainage systems, and its levels of maintenance and operability are included in the hydraulic model. Finally, flood risk is being evaluated under different scenarios, including climate change, land use change and increased population.
- Component 2: Erosion risk assessment, with a specific focus along the N'djili River. Erosion risk mapping includes the analysis of both hazard, exposure and vulnerability. The activity includes the analysis of the transport of surface soil from soft-surface roads, which highly contributes to siltation. The activity also includes the analysis of the interaction between erosion and flash flooding, driven by extreme precipitation events.
- Component 3: Prioritization of investments. Based on the information gathered in Components 1 and 2 and additional studies on urban mobility, the activity identifies the most critical elements of the system and evaluates the most robust set of investment options, to be undertaken by the Kinshasa Urban Development Project. To do so, it applies decision making under uncertainty methodologies (e.g. Robust Decision Making, Adaptation Pathways, or similar) or other methods to capture non-monetary values such as Multi Criteria Analysis, including land tenure.
- Component 4: Elaboration of climate and disaster information to inform the design of climate-proof infrastructures, including bridges, drainage systems, roads, etc. The activity supports the Kinshasa Urban Development Project during its first phase of implementation to guarantee that all elements included in the project take into account the detrimental effects of climate change and increased extreme weather events.
The flood and erosion risk assessment in the N’Djili urban watershed of Kinshasa was undertaken. It provided a detailed description of the risks posed by these hazards and analyzes what could happen in case of floods or erosion. This has helped highlight key issues and challenges regarding disaster risk and also deepen the knowledge and understanding about flood, erosion and landslide risk in the N’Djili urban watershed in the city and Province of Kinshasa. The information gathered in the flood and erosion risk assessment also informs a prioritization of investments and the elaboration of climate and disaster information for the design of climate-proof infrastructures, including bridges, drainage systems, and roads.
The project also implemented community mapping activities, including an analysis of exposure risk, on the interaction between erosion and flash flooding, driven by extreme precipitation events. The data and layers collected are available on the following online platform accessible here.
The risk assessments undertaken as part of this project informed the preparation and implementation of the $500 million World Bank Kinshasa Urban Development and Resilience Project, which supports the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo in improving living conditions in selected poor and vulnerable neighborhoods.
Partnerships and Coordination
The project was implemented principally by the Provincial Ministry of Plan, Public Works, and Infrastructure. Other partners included the Government of the city province of Kinshasa, the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, and the University of Kinshasa.
A Results In Resilience story on Open Cities, including ACP-EU NDRR support in Kinshasa can be found here.
- Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction (DRR)
Window of Action
- Window 2
- 02/2018 - 09/2020