Cameroon: Integrating Climate and Disaster Risk Considerations into Development Planning

Context and Objectives 
The Government of Cameroon (GoC), under the lead of the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development (MINEPAT), has taken first steps to adress how to integrate climate and disaster risk considerations into development planning:

  • In collaboration with the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), it has developed a Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning, prioritized four sectors for its application: agriculture, energy, transport, and urban development.
  • The Ministry in charge of urban development (MINHDU – Ministère de l’Habitat et du Développement Urbain) has also recently started to review the guidelines for the preparation of urban planning documents to improve the integration of environmental and climate change/disaster risk aspects.
  • The World Bank-financed Cameroon Inclusive and Resilient Cities Development Project (PDVIR - US$ 160 million), which was approved in August 2017, will be supporting the GoC’s efforts to improve urban living conditions and resilience to natural hazards in seven cities  across Cameroon, particularly in selected poor and vulnerable neighborhoods.

The proposed ACP-EU NDRR technical assistance (TA) will:

  • Inform the implementation of the PDVIR, by providing disaster risk assessments for project intervention zones that will in turn support decision-making processes around project investments, and will strengthen municipal capacity for the integration of climate and disaster risk aspects into urban planning.
  • Help strengthen government capacity more broadly for the application of the new Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning, ultimately contributing to enhancing climate and disaster resilience in Cameroon.

Main Activities
The project will has three interlinked components, and activities under the different components will support each other in order to optimize results. A multi-sectoral process will be put in place to ensure buy-in from different stakeholders involved in the complex process of risk-informed spatial planning. Capacity building processes will follow a learning-by-doing approach and necessary risk information at municipal level will be generated to underpin resilient decision making. The components are:

  • Component 1: Enhancing institutional capacity to plan for resilient development. This component will help strengthen capacity of government officials of key ministries and agencies (such as MINEPAT, MINHDU, MINATD - Ministère de l'Administration Territoriale et de la Décentralisation, MINEPDED, MINADER, ONACC , etc.) and selected beneficiary municipalities of the PDVIR to plan for resilient development, using project intervention areas in these municipalities as case studies. Activities will include:
    • Developing of content for the various trainings and gathering of available risk information for the selected municipalities;
    • Delivering a series of tailored trainings for government and municipal officials based on a learning-by-doing approach to apply the new Guide; and
    • Improving new Guide based on feedback from trainings and development of complementary new tools as needed. 
  • Component 2: Building capacity of academia and professionals to support resilient development planning. This component will enhance capacity of Cameroonian academia and professionals on how to generate disaster risk information for development planning, focusing on flood hazards and urban planning. Activities will include:
    • Developing the content for three block courses focusing on risk assessments, integration of risk information into development planning, and on applied case studies for project intervention areas in selected municipalities;
    • Carrying out the three block courses in close collaboration with national professors at the university in Yaoundé; and
    • Supporting the Government in the development of climate change impact modelling for selected sectors.
  • Component 3: Resilient urban development in selected municipalities. Under this component, selected beneficiary cities of the PDVIR (at least two) will be supported to integrate climate change and disaster risk considerations into urban and land use plans for project intervention areas, which will inform the selection and design of investments financed under the PDVIR. Activities will include:
    • Collecting and generating climate and disaster risk information for selected project intervention areas (particularly flood hazard maps, including sensitivity to climate change scenarios);
    • Providing technical assistance to selected municipalities and other relevant actors and coordination processes related to the integration of climate and disaster risks into urban planning and execution of investments in project intervention areas; and
    • Supporting the communication of results and lessons learnt from the municipal level to the national levels to advance the dialog on risk-informed land use planning.

Results
The project has thus far started to engage with the various ministries involved in the project to start the implementation of activities, and has started the procurement process for key consultancies.

Country
Region
  • Africa
Priority area
  • Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction (DRR)
Window of Action
  • Window 2
Amount approved
  • $400,000
Duration
  • 04/2018 to 02/2020