Cameroon: Integrating Climate and Disaster Risk Considerations into Development Planning
Context and Objectives
The Government of Cameroon (GoC), under the lead of the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development (MINEPAT), has taken to integrate climate and disaster risk considerations into its development planning:
- In collaboration with the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), it has developed a Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning, prioritized four sectors for its application: agriculture, energy, transport, and urban development.
- The Ministry in charge of urban development (MINHDU – Ministère de l’Habitat et du Développement Urbain) has also started to review the guidelines for the preparation of urban planning documents to improve the integration of environmental and climate change/disaster risk aspects.
- The World Bank-financed Cameroon Inclusive and Resilient Cities Development Project (PDVIR - US$ 160 million), which was approved in August 2017, supports the GoC’s efforts to improve urban living conditions and resilience to natural hazards in seven cities across Cameroon, particularly in selected poor and vulnerable neighbourhoods.
To take these efforts further, the ACP-EU NDRR project aims to:
- Increase climate and disaster resilience in selected cities in Cameroon by integrating resilient concepts into spatial development.
- Enhance the capacities of development sectors to integrate climate and disaster resilience into strategies and projects, with a focus on urban settings.
The project has three interlinked components, and activities support each other in order to optimize results. The components are:
Component 1: Enhancing institutional capacity to plan for resilient development. This component helps strengthen the capacity of government officials of key ministries and agencies and selected beneficiary municipalities of the PDVIR to plan for resilient development, using project intervention areas in these municipalities as case studies. Activities include:
- Developing of content for the various trainings and gathering of available risk information for the selected municipalities;
- Delivering a series of tailored trainings for government and municipal officials based on a learning-by-doing approach to apply the new Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning; and
- Improving new Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning based on feedback from trainings and development of complementary new tools as needed.
Component 2: Building capacity of academia and professionals to support resilient development planning. This component enhances the capacity of Cameroonian academia and professionals on how to generate disaster risk information for development planning, focusing on flood hazards and urban planning. Activities include:
- Developing the content for three block courses focusing on risk assessments, integration of risk information into development planning, and on applied case studies for project intervention areas in selected municipalities;
- Carrying out the three block courses in close collaboration with national professors at the university in Yaoundé; and
- Supporting the Government in the development of climate change impact modelling for selected sectors.
Component 3: Resilient urban development in selected municipalities. Under this component, selected beneficiary cities of the PDVIR (at least two) are supported to integrate climate change and disaster risk considerations into urban and land use plans for project intervention areas, which will inform the selection and design of investments financed under the PDVIR. Activities include:
- Collecting and generating climate and disaster risk information for selected project intervention areas (particularly flood hazard maps, including sensitivity to climate change scenarios);
- Providing technical assistance to selected municipalities and other relevant actors and coordination processes related to the integration of climate and disaster risks into urban planning and execution of investments in project intervention areas; and
- Supporting the communication of results and lessons learnt from the municipal level to the national levels to advance the dialog on risk-informed land use planning.
Several working sessions with key Government partners took place, to agree on the details of the project activities and on a roadmap for the implementation of activities.
For Component 1, the preparation for the trainings for government staff on the use of the new Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning was developed (see link below). Three trainings were facilitated on the following subjects: Integrating planning and DRM under the perspective of the “New Guide” for national level officials; and a training block on using the software “R” and econometric models to assess the impact of climate risks on economic development.
For Component 2, the consultants held a series of technical meetings with key stakeholders to accompany data selection in Yaoundé and prepare the block courses. In addition, an assessment of existing DRM-related courses in existing university programs in Cameroon was completed to finetune the block course content. The training program was finalized.
For Component 3, the consortium collected baseline data to produce the hazard maps for two targeted neighborhoods in Yaoundé and existing hydrometeorological data was assessed. 20 interviewers were trained for the data collected.
In addition, government staff participated in the Understanding Risk Conference West and Central Africa in Abidjan in November 2019 to share the experience in Cameroon and lessons learnt in workshop on “Communicating and modeling climate change consequences on economic development” and the technical session “Data and People – two essential links to integrate resilience into macroeconomic and local planning – the Cameroon experience”. The sessions were received with a lot of interest from the international participants in Abidjan.
The new Guide to Integrate Climate and Disaster Risks into Development Planning is available (in French) here.
- Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction (DRR)
Window of Action
- Window 2
- 09/2018 - 12/2020