Vietnam

Active Grants: 22

GDP (current US$): 223.86 billion (2017)

Population: 95.54 million (2017)

Major Partners

Asian Development Bank, European Union, Government of Australia, Government of Japan, Government of New Zealand, Global Environment Facility, Least Developed Country Fund, Japan Policy and Human Resources Development, Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility, the World Bank

INFORM Risk Rating: 3.5

Risk data from INFORM, a global open-source risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters, uses a scale from 0-10, with 10 as the highest level of risk.

Primary Hazards

For additional information on the natural hazard risk profile, visit ThinkHazard.

Context

Natural Hazard Risk

Vietnam is a rapidly developing country that is highly exposed to such natural hazards as droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, landslides, sea water intrusion, typhoons, and volcanic eruptions.   From 2012 to 2014, natural disasters caused about 240 deaths and $1.4 billion in economic losses.

Typhoons and floods are the most frequent and devastating events, causing fatalities and wreaking havoc on infrastructure and livelihoods. It is estimated the country faces an average estimate of 6-8 typhoons every year. An estimated 70 percent of the population live in coastal areas and low-lying deltas, and therefore have increased exposure to flooding risk.

The World Bank has ranked Vietnam as one of five countries most likely to be affected by climate change. Its 3,200 kilometer coastline crosses 28 provinces, 50 percent of which include major urban centers.

Government Priorities

Over the last decade, Vietnam has shifted from ex-post disaster relief and response to ex-ante risk reduction through preparedness and resilience. In 2007, the government approved the National Strategy for Natural Disaster Prevention, Response, and Mitigation to 2020, and in 2012, it approved the National Strategy and a National Action Plan for Climate Change. Policies have been prioritized to develop a safe and inhabitable coastal zone and a national program supports community-based disaster risk management (DRM)––demonstrating political commitment to the resilience agenda.

To further advance the DRM agenda, the government’s priorities include:

  • Integrating disaster and climate risk into development planning;
  • Developing a financing platform for DRM investments;
  • Promoting community-based DRM;
  • Developing GIS and spatial databases, and data formatting standards for DRM; and,
  • Establishing risk-financing mechanisms to mitigate the impact of natural hazards.
GFDRR progress to date

Since 2007, GFDRR support has focused on helping Vietnam develop a more comprehensive approach to DRM through resilience activities funded by the World Bank and direct engagement with the government. Today, Vietnam is one of the few countries in the East Asia and Pacific Region with an ex-ante DRM program financed by the World Bank.

Strengthening urban resilience has been central to GFDRR’s support in Vietnam. In 2014, at the request of the city of Can Tho, GFDRR and the World Bank conducted a CityStrength Diagnostic. This work has subsequently helped promote climate-resilient investments in low-lying coastal cities. In addition, GFDRR is supporting seven cities that are participating in a wider Mekong Delta project. The activities focus on risk-informed urban planning and investments and on developing and disseminating knowledge products tailored to a Vietnamese urban-resilience context. 

GFDRR support has helped Vietnam access substantial World Bank investments in DRM, leveraging on-going and pipeline investments to ensure sustainability. The Managing Natural Hazards Project for Vietnam ($150 million) aims to strengthen weather forecasting, early warning systems, and government capacity for risk planning and mitigation. GFDRR is also helping identify gaps in drought risk management policies, programs, and investments.

Additionally, GFDRR is supporting activities to strengthen the Mekong Delta transport network, rural roads, and highways and to assess public–private partnership options. Partnering with the World Bank, GFDRR is supporting activities that use a community-engagement approach to determine the resilience of vulnerable rural roads, with an aim to help flood-proof the main national highway and minimize the risk of connectivity loss. GFDRR has also supported developing guidelines to screen small infrastructure upgrades for resilience to extreme weather.

GFDRR activities are supporting Vietnam’s transition toward an integrated DRM system. A government-led platform is being developed to coordinate the financing and implementation of DRM investments and activities, and emphasizes resilient dam safety regulations. Conducting a rapid assessment of coastal hazards, promoting open data, and strengthening capacity for hazard risk mapping and information systems design are among the supported activities.

GFDRR anticipates continued demand from the government to support:

  • Instituting integrated, risk-informed urban planning, with comprehensive infrastructure upgrades that factor future urban populations;
  • Integrating DRM measures into future World Bank projects;
  • Strengthening long-term risk-financing mechanisms to decrease the government’s fiscal exposure to natural hazards; and,
  • Improving social safety nets to provide livelihood support that helps high-risk groups recover quickly from disasters.

Grants Awarded by GFDRR 2007 - Present

Grant
Vietnam Central Region: Rapid Damage and Needs assessment after 2016 floods
$206,683 02/2017 - 08/2017
Mainstreaming Drought Resilience in Vietnam
$390,363 09/2016 - 10/2017
Open Data for Resilience Initiative Technology and Capacity Building
$783,991 11/2014 - 09/2017
Hai Phong - City Resilience Program Just-in-Time
$7,000 10/2017 - 04/2018
Business Continuity Planning for Climate Resilient Industries
$500,000 10/2017 - 10/2019
Vietnam: Geospatial Medium Term Expenditure Framework for Resilient Roads
$300,000 12/2017 - 11/2018
City Resilience Program: Phase 2
$2,000,000 01/2018 - 05/2019
Post-Damrey Typhoon’s Damages and Needs Assessment in Khanh Hoa province of Vietnam
$100,000 01/2018 - 07/2018
City Resilience Program: Program Development and Advisory Services Support
$1,100,000 02/2018 - 07/2019
Integration of DRM Perspective into Khanh Hoa Provincial Socio-Economic Development Plans and Investments
$300,000 04/2018 - 08/2019
Strengthening the Institutional Capacity of the Government of Vietnam on Flood Risk Management and Recovery Preparedness
$500,000 04/2018 - 08/2020
Strengthening the institutional capacity of the Government of Vietnam on flood risk management and recovery preparedness (BE)
$500,000 07/2017 - 06/2020
Supporting Resilience of Critical Infrastructure Investments in Vietnam
$1,200,000 02/2017 - 06/2020
Enhancing Resilience of Mekong Delta Secondary Cities
$700,000 09/2016 - 06/2019
City Resilience Program: Phase 1
$2,404,000 12/2016 - 06/2020
Piloting and Scaling up building climate resilient bridges in poor rural areas under the World Bank Result-based Operation for Local Bridge Construction and Road Asset Management (LRAMP)
$250,000 01/2018 - 12/2018
DRF Rollout and Piloting
$520,000 10/2015 - 12/2018
Just-in-Time Capacity Building and Advice for Climate Resilience
$3,100,000 01/2015 - 12/2018
Open Data for Resilience Initiative: Tools and Capacity Building
$250,000 06/2017 - 12/2018
Enhancing financial protection resilience in V20 member countries
$400,000 10/2016 - 03/2019
Mainstreaming Drought Resilience in Vietnam
$400,000 08/2016 - 09/2017
Strengthening National DRM Investments in Vietnam
$800,000 02/2015 - 05/2017

World Bank Engagements 2012 – Present

Project Description
Vietnam Climate Change Development Policy
$70 million | Start date: 02/2012 (Closed)

The project development objective is to support the Government of Vietnam in its efforts to address climate change by adopting policies and strengthening institutional capacity to promote climate resilient and lower carbon intensity development.

Mekong Delta Region Urban Upgrading Project
$292 million | Start date: 03/2012 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve infrastructure services in Low Income Areas in the Project Cities in the Mekong Delta Region.

Managing Natural Hazards Project
$150 million | Start date: 07/2012 (Ongoing)

The objective is to strengthen community based disaster risk preparedness, improve weather forecasting and early warning capacity as well as mitigate the impacts of natural disasters in selected disaster-prone provinces in Vietnam.

Vietnam Climate Change Development Policy 2
$70 million | Start date: 11/2012 (Closed)

The project development objective is to support the Government of Vietnam in its efforts to address climate change by adopting policies and strengthening institutional capacity to promote climate resilient and lower carbon intensity development.

Danang Sustainable City Development Project
$202.5 million | Start date: 04/2013 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to expand access of city residents to improved drainage, wastewater collection and treatment services, the arterial road network, and public transport in selected areas of Da Nang City.

Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project- Phase II
$25 million | Start date: 11/2013 (Ongoing)

The program development objective for the overall series of projects is to establish key examples of integrated water resources management practices in the Lower Mekong basin at the regional, national, and sub-national levels, thus contributing to more sustainable river basin development in the Lower Mekong. The project development objective for this second phase of the program is to develop the capacity of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam National Mekong Committee and relevant agencies to managetrans-boundary water resources and climate risks through river basin approaches and improved water resources data collection, analysis, and exchange.

Vietnam Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project
$180 million | Start date: 01/2014 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve the sustainability of irrigated agricultural production systems in selected provinces in the Central Coastal and Northern Mountainous Regions in Vietnam.

Results-Based National Urban Development Program - Northern Mountains
$250 million | Start date: 06/2014 (Ongoing)

The proposed program development objective is to strengthen the capacity of participating Northern Mountains cities to plan, implement and sustain urban infrastructure.

Vietnam Climate Change Development Policy 3
$70 million | Start date: 06/2014 (Closed)

The project aims to support the Government of Vietnam in its efforts to address climate change by adopting policies and strengthening institutional capacity to promote climate resilient and lower carbon intensity development.

Vietnam Dam Rehabilitation and Safety Improvement Project
$415 million | Start date: 12/2015 (Ongoing)

The objective of the Dam Rehabilitation and Safety Improvement Project for Vietnam is to improve the safety of targeted dams under the Government’s Dam Safety Program to protect downstream communities and economic activities through priority investments and capacity enhancement.

Can Tho Urban Development and Resilience Project
$250 million | Start date: 03/2016 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Can Tho Urban Development and Resilience Project for Vietnam is to reduce flood risk in the urban core area, improve connectivity between the city center and the new low risk urban growth areas, and enhance the capacity of city authorities to manage disaster risk in Can Tho city.

Vinh Phuc Flood Risk and Water Management Project
$150 million | Start date: 04/2016 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Vinh Phuc Flood Risk and Water Management Project for Vietnam is to strengthen flood risk management capacity and improve wastewater management in the central catchment of Vinh Phuc province.

Vietnam Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Project - Additi
$119 million | Start date: 05/2016 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Project for Vietnam is to increase access to sustainable water services and environmental sanitation in selected urban areas in the project provinces.

Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable L
$310 million | Start date: 06/2016 (Ongoing)

The development objectives of the Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Project for Vietnam are to enhance tools for climate-smart planning and improve climate resilience of land and water management practices in selected provinces of the Mekong delta in Vietnam.

Vietnam Coastal Cities Sustainable Environment Project
$236.2 million | Start date: 05/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of Coastal Cities Sustainable Environment Project for Vietnam is to increase access to sanitation services and improve the operational performance of sanitation utilities in the Project Cities.

Additional Financing for Danang Sustainable City Development Project
$72.5 million | Start date: 05/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Da Nang Sustainable City Development Project for Vietnam is to expand access of city residents to improved drainage, wastewater collection and treatment services, the arterial road network, and public transport in selected areas of Da Nang City.

Vietnam Scaling up Urban Upgrading Project
$240 million | Start date: 05/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Scaling up Urban Upgrading Project for Vietnam is to improve access to infrastructure in priority city areas and improve urban planning in the participating cities.

Vietnam - Emergency Natural Disaster Reconstruction Project
$118 million | Start date: 05/2017 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objective are to reconstruct and rehabilitate infrastructure assets in disaster-affected project provinces, and strengthen the capacity of the Government to effectively respond to future disaster events.

Vietnam - Additional Financing for Medium Cities Development Project
$53 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Medium Cities Development Project for Vietnam is to increase access to improved urban infrastructure services in Lao Cai City, Phu Ly City, and Vinh City in a sustainable and efficient manner.

Forest Sector Modernization and Coastal Resilience Enhancement Project
$150 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Forest Sector Modernization and Coastal Resilience Enhancement Project for Vietnam is to improve coastal forest management in the Project Provinces.

Central Highlands Connectivity Improvement Project
$150 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Central Highlands Connectivity Improvement Project for Vietnam is to improve the connectivity, safety and climate-resilience of the National Highway 19.

GEF Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods
$6.09 million | Start date: 05/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Project for Vietnam is to enhance tools for climate‐smart planning and improve climate resilience of land and water management practices in selected provinces of the Mekong Delta in Vietnam.

Dynamic City Integrated Development Project - Thai Nguyen
$80 million | Start date: 06/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Dynamic City Integrated Development Project for Vietnam is to improve access to urban infrastructure and to improve integrated urban planning and management in the project city