Haiti

Active Grants: 22

GDP (current US$): 8.41 billion (2017)

Population: 10.98 million (2017)

Major Partners

World Bank, African Caribbean Pacific-European Union Program

INFORM Risk Rating: 6.3

Risk data from INFORM, a global open-source risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters, uses a scale from 0-10, with 10 as the highest level of risk.

Primary Hazards

For additional information on the natural hazard risk profile, visit ThinkHazard.

Context

Natural Hazard Risk

Haiti is one of the most exposed countries in the world to natural hazards that include hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. From 1994-2013, Haiti was considered the third most affected country by extreme weather events in terms of lives lost and economic damages. More than 96 percent of the population is at risk of two or more hazards, and 56 percent of the country’s GDP is linked to areas exposed to risk from two or more hazards. The impact can be extensive. The 2010 earthquake caused over 200,000 deaths. Damages and losses were equivalent to 120 percent of Haiti’s GDP.

Urban and rural populations in coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to climate and natural hazard events. Natural hazard risks are further exacerbated by inadequate building codes and a lack of regulatory enforcement. 

Government Priorities

In the past seven years, Haiti has scaled up efforts to integrate disaster risk management (DRM) into national policies and long-term development plans. In particular, it has made building a better and safer Haiti a priority in its long-term development strategy.

Following the 2010 earthquake, the government conducted a post-disaster needs assessment (PDNA) and created an Action Plan for the National Recovery and Development of Haiti. They recommended that DRM be a cross-cutting priority for both public and private sectors. DRM is also a key cross-cutting priority in the government’s Strategic Development Plan of Haiti (PSDH). As part of its first pillar on “territorial rebuilding,” the PSDH emphasizes regional and local development as well as improved DRM through better land-use planning.

Haiti has also taken steps to strengthen its fiscal resilience to natural hazard shocks by becoming a member of the multi-country risk-pooling Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF) SPC.

To further advance the DRM agenda, government priorities include:

  • Mainstreaming DRM activities into all growth, development, and poverty reduction strategies; 
  • Creating an enabling environment for DRM with appropriate  legal and institutional governance frameworks;
  • Nurturing a better understanding of current and future disaster risks;
  • Improving hazard and risk data management systems;
  • Strengthening hydrometeorological services;
  • Integrating risk analysis and management in land-use planning and sector investments;
  • Building resilient infrastructure and communities in both primary and secondary cities; and,
  • Improving disaster preparedness and recovery readiness efforts.
GFDRR progress to date

Over the past seven years, GFDRR has helped the Government of Haiti move from a culture of disaster response to one of prevention and vulnerability reduction. Most activities have supported the acquisition, management, and dissemination of risk data, as well as preparedness, early warning and response, and the integration of a resilience approach in priority development sectors.

Early activities provided technical assistance for developing a central inter-agency DRM coordination unit and supporting government-led assessment and recovery efforts following Hurricanes Fay, Gustav, Hanna, and Ike.

Following the January 2010 earthquake, GFDRR supported the government in conducting a PDNA and helped facilitate recovery and reconstruction activities. As part of this effort, GFDRR enabled activities that helped the government create a technical unit for building assessments, which led to the evaluation of 400,000 buildings after the earthquake. It also supported the development of seismic retrofitting guidelines, a National Action Plan for Safe Schools, and a Guide for Disaster Resilience of Health Facilities in 2011.

In addition, GFDRR has helped enable the consolidation of risk data and information as part of a hazard, exposure, and vulnerability database platform. This tool is helping improve decision-making on safe resettlement and housing. GFDRR is expanding these efforts by supporting new activities that make risk data more accessible. 

GFDRR has also helped the country strengthen its ability to collect, manage, and consolidate hydromet data from different hydromet networks. In 2015, GFDRR financed the development of a pilot platform that used SMS to systematically collect, analyze, archive, and disseminate rainfall data from more than 100 agro-meteorological stations across the country. The platform focused on local need, sustainability, and reusability.

GFDRR is currently supporting activities to inform Haiti’s urban policy design and implementation for more resilient and inclusive urban development.  GFDRR is also beginning to support activities that ensure resilience and climate change adaptation are incorporated into urban development programs, flood risk management projects, and fiscal management strategies. These activities will inform a $45 million World Bank project in Haiti and create an improved knowledge and analytic base.

Looking ahead, GFDRR anticipates new and continued demand for:

  • Risk reduction in the urban built environment and transport network connectivity;
  • Understanding urbanization, risks, and vulnerabilities;
  • Understanding the relationship between poverty and disasters;
  • Increasing fiscal resilience through building technical and institutional capacity;
  • Strengthening disaster risk data management and information sharing;
  • Strengthening hydromet services; and,
  • Systematizing the quantification of disaster losses and damages.

Grants Awarded by GFDRR 2007 - Present

Grant
Strengthening Disaster Risk Data Management in Haiti
$234,917 05/2016 - 10/2017
Building Disaster Resilince in Priority Sectors in Haiti - Increasing Fiscal Resilience
$196,123 05/2016 - 08/2017
Enhancing Country Capacity to Develop, Implement and Trigger a CERC in an Emergency
$271,136 07/2017 - 11/2017
Support the rapid impact assessment and lessons learnt after the passage of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti
$149,882 12/2016 - 09/2017
Code for Resilience 2015
$611,666 11/2014 - 09/2017
Enhancing urban resilience in Haiti through improved urban management
$199,672 05/2016 - 08/2017
Knowledge Exchange on Adaptive Social Protection Systems as a Disaster Risk Mitigation Mechanism
$200,000 10/2017 - 05/2019
Business Continuity Planning for Climate Resilient Industries
$500,000 10/2017 - 10/2019
Enhancing the Climate Resilience of Haiti’s Transport Infrastructure
$200,000 11/2017 - 06/2019
CERC and Contingency Planning support
$25,000 02/2018 - 12/2018
Launch of Caribbean Climate-Smart Accelerator for Resilience Investments
$200,000 03/2018 - 12/2018
Introducing ecosystem-based solutions as a layer of protection for resilient transport infrastructure assets in Haiti
$250,000 03/2018 - 02/2020
Third Meeting of the Small Island State Resilience Initiative (SISRI) Practitioners' Network in Mexico City
$200,000 03/2018 - 12/2018
World Reconstruction Conference 3 - Knowledge and Lessons Learned from ACP Countries
$344,465 03/2017 - 04/2018
Disaster Risk Management and Poverty in Caribbean countries and Brazil
$400,000 04/2017 - 06/2020
Just-in-Time Capacity Building and Advice for Climate Resilience
$3,100,000 01/2015 - 12/2018
Open Data for Resilience Initiative: Tools and Capacity Building
$250,000 06/2017 - 12/2018
Study on the Impact of Climate-Related Events on Poverty in Cap-Haitien
$100,000 03/2017 - 06/2019
Enhancing financial protection resilience in V20 member countries
$400,000 10/2016 - 03/2019
Enhancing Urban Resilience in Haiti through Improved Urban Management
$200,000 05/2016 - 08/2017
Cap-Haitien Urban Resilience and Flood Risk Management Technical Assistance
$200,000 06/2016 - 06/2017
Building Disaster Resilience in priority sectors in Haiti - Increasing Fiscal Resilience
$200,000 05/2016 - 08/2017

World Bank Engagements 2012 – Present

Project Description
Relaunching Agriculture: Strengthening Agriculture Public Services II Project (GAFSP - IDA)
$40 million | Start date: 04/2012 (Ongoing)

The project development objectives are to a) reinforce the capacity of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development to provide or facilitate access to services in the agricultural sector; b) increase market access to small producers and food security in Selected Areas; and c) provide financial assistance in the case of an agriculture sector emergency.

Disaster Risk Management and Reconstruction
$60 million | Start date: 04/2012 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to support the recipient in improving disaster response capacity and enhancing the resiliency of critical transport infrastructure.

AF Infrastructure & Institutions Emergency Recovery
$35 million | Start date: 04/2013 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to support the recipient in its sustainable recovery efforts from the effects of the emergency, through selected interventions aiming at contributing to rebuilding key institutions and infrastructure.

Haiti Business Development and Investment Project
$20 millon | Start date: 04/2013 (Ongoing)

The objective of the project is to assist the recipient in: (a) improving the conditions for private sector investment and inclusive growth; and (b) improving its capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible emergency.

HT Center and Artibonite Regional Development
$50 million | Start date: 04/2014 (Ongoing )

The development objectives of the project are to: (a) support the development of the Centre Artibonite Loop region, primarily by enhancing all-weather connectivity and logistics for producers, and the region's resilience to climate change; and (b) support the recipient's capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible emergency, as needed.

Cultural Heritage Preservation and Tourism Sector Support Project
$45 million | Start date: 04/2014 (Ongoing )

The project development objectives are to (a) increase the attractiveness of the cultural heritage sites in North of Haiti for tourists; (b) improve the living environment for the residents living in North of Haiti; and (c) support the Recipient’s capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an Eligible Emergency, as needed.

Sustainable Rural and Small Towns Water and Sanitation Project
$50 million | Start date: 04/2015 (Ongoing)

The Sustainable Rural and Small Towns Water and Sanitation Project for Haiti will: i) increase access to improved water supply and sanitation in targeted rural areas and small towns in zones affected by cholera; ii) strengthen water and sanitation service delivery mechanism at the deconcentrated level; and iii) improve capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an Eligible Emergency.

Strengthening Hydro-Met Services
$5 million | Start date: 04/2015 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Strengthening Hydro-Meteorological Services Project for Haiti is to strengthen the Republic of Haiti’s institutional capacity to provide hydro-meteorological and climate information services customized to the needs of the civil protection and agriculture sectors, which contributes to increasing disaster and climate resilience.

Second Additional Financing Infra & Instit Emergency Recovery
$2.8 million | Start date: 11/2016 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objective is to support the Recipient in its sustainable recovery efforts from the effects of the Emergency, throughselectedinterventions aiming to rebuilding key institutions and infrastructure.

Municipal Development and Urban Resilience Project
$48.4 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The project development of Municipal Development and Urban Resilience Project for Haiti is to reduce urban flooding and enhance resilience in the city of Cap-Haïtien; and to improve the capacity of six municipalities in the Cap-Haïtien metropolitan area to plan, finance and deliver basic municipal services and management.

Disaster Risk Management and Reconstruction Additional Financing
$20 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The objective of the Additional Financing for the Disaster Risk Management and Reconstruction Project for Haiti is to support the Recipient in improving disaster response capacity and enhancing the resiliency of critical transport infrastructure.

Sustainable Rural and Small Town Water Supply and Sanitation Additional Financing
$20 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The proposed objectives of the Project are to increase access to improved water supply and sanitation in targeted rural areas and small towns in zones affected by cholera; to strengthen the Recipient’s water and sanitation service delivery mechanism at thedeconcentrated level; and to improve the Recipient’s capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an Eligible Emergency.

Relaunching Agriculture: Strengthening Agriculture Public Services II Project - Additional financing
$35 million | Start date: 06/2017 (Ongoing)

The Project Development Objectives are to reinforce the capacity of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development to provide or facilitate access to services in the agricultural sector; to increase market access to small producers and food security in Selected Areas; to improve livelihood in areas affected by Hurricane Matthew and to enable the Government to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible emergency.

Resilient Productive Landscapes
$15 million | Start date: 03/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objectives of Resilient Productive Landscapes Project for Haiti are: (i) to improve the adoption of resilience-enhancing agricultural and landscape management practices in selected sub-watersheds; and (ii) to enable the government to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible emergency.

Resilient Productive Landscapes in Haiti
$6.21 million | Start date: 03/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objectives of Resilient Productive Landscapes Project for Haiti are: (i) to improve the adoption of resilience-enhancing agricultural and landscape management practices in selected sub-watersheds; and (ii) to enable the government to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible emergency.

Haiti Rural Accessibility & Resilience Project
$75 million | Start date: 05/2018 (Ongoing)

The objectives of the Rural Accessibility and Resilience Project for Haiti are to: (i) increase all-weather road access in selected sub-regions; and (ii) improve the resilience of selected segments of the road network.