Bangladesh

Active Grants: 23

GDP (current US$): 249.72 billion (2017)

Population: 164.67 million (2017)

Major Partners

World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 

INFORM Risk Rating: 5.8

Risk data from INFORM, a global open-source risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters, uses a scale from 0-10, with 10 as the highest level of risk.

Primary Hazards

Context

Hazard Risk 

Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to cyclones and floods, particularly in the country’s coastal areas. Cyclones and associated storm surges and floods have led to almost all the nearly 520,000 natural disaster deaths recorded over the past 40 years. These events also have the potential to cause significant economic damage. Cyclone Sidr in 2007 cost an estimated $1.7 billion in damages and losses. The country’s extreme vulnerability to hydro-meteorological hazards, including storm-induced tidal flooding, is likely to increase due to climate change.  

Bangladesh is also located in a seismically active and high-risk region. Dhaka, a fast-growing urban center, is one of the 20 cities most vulnerable to earthquakes in the world. High population density, compounded by rapid and unplanned urbanization, have increased vulnerability to seismic risks. 

National Priorities  

The Government of Bangladesh has taken significant steps to strengthen disaster risk management (DRM) efforts. These include: 

  • Endorsing the DRM Act (2012), which outlines the country’s legal framework for disaster management; and  
  • Mainstreaming DRM into a number of development plans, including the National Sustainable Development Strategy (2010-2021). This strategy recommends increased and cross-cutting investment in DRM.  

With its proactive hydrological policies and programs, such as the 2007 Emergency Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project, Bangladesh is often cited globally as a positive example for investment in DRM. In contrast, managing seismic risk has not been a government priority, in part because the threat of earthquakes is less visible and harder to predict.  

To further advance the DRM agenda, priorities include:  

  • Ensuring all sectoral investments consider resilience to climate change and natural disasters; and, 
  • Increasing the resilience of the population to natural hazards in urban and coastal areas. This includes strengthening systems to reduce the vulnerability of future construction projects to disasters. 
GFDRR progress to date

GFDRR has helped enable DRM efforts in Bangladesh since 2007. Most support has focused on post-disaster reconstruction, risk reduction, and building urban resilience. 

GFDRR is providing ongoing technical support and capacity building to the Government of Bangladesh. Activities are supporting several technical areas, including provision of ICT for weather and climate services; assessing user needs for weather, water, and climate analysis; and enhancing technical understanding of instruments, modeling, and use of models for generating weather, water, and climate information. These are helping Bangladesh to facilitate investment activities to strengthen weather, water, and climate services, and support investments in ICT technologies for modernizing services and enhancing human resource capacity.

GFDRR has collaborated with the Government of Bangladesh to build urban resilience in Dhaka and Sylhet since 2012. Activities have raised awareness of seismic risk through a participatory approach that ensures risk ownership among government officials and decision makers. Activities have developed a GEODASH platform for managing and visualizing hazard and vulnerability data. They have also contributed toward a Risk Management Master Plan for Dhaka and a National Earthquake and Risk Strategy, which improved emergency management systems and equipment, and enhanced building construction, design, permitting, and oversight systems for government agencies. This has also informed $170 million in investment financing under the World Bank’s Bangladesh Urban Resilience Project, which will continue to strengthen government capacity for emergency response and vulnerability reduction. 

Previously, in 2008, GFDRR supported a post-disaster needs assessment following Cyclone Sidr, which identified priority areas for recovery reconstruction and informed multiple World Bank projects. One project with $109 million in World Bank financing is helping the Government of Bangladesh facilitate restoration and recovery for livelihoods and damaged infrastructure. Another project with $375 million in World Bank financing is reducing future risk by improving coastal embankments.   

GFDRR anticipates continued demand for support from the Government of Bangladesh in the following areas: 

  • Ongoing initiatives in disaster risk financing and insurance;  
  • Ongoing initiatives for managing the impact of climate change on coastal areas, including storm surges and saline intrusion;  
  • Strengthening urban resilience to floods and seismic risks in priority infrastructure sectors; and,  
  • Strengthening institutional capacity for hydromet monitoring, forecasting, and delivery of quality climate services. 

Grants Awarded by GFDRR 2007 - Present

Grant
Open Data for Resilience Initiative Technology and Capacity Building
$783,991 11/2014 - 09/2017
Enhancing Knowledge and Effectiveness of DRM in South Asia
$300,000 04/2018 - 09/2019
Promoting Resilient Infrastructure in South Asia – Phase 2
$1,000,000 04/2018 - 11/2019
Technical assistance to build capacities for scaling up DRM investments in SAR
$500,000 04/2018 - 12/2019
SAR Open Data for Resilience
$1,024,513 11/2012 - 10/2017
Support to accelerate implementation of South Asia Regional (SAR) priority country programs
$1,362,651 08/2011 - 12/2017
Business Continuity Planning for Climate Resilient Industries
$500,000 10/2017 - 10/2019
Enabling climate and disaster risk reduction in Bangladesh’s coastal fisheries and fishing communities
$235,000 02/2018 - 11/2019
City Resilience Program: Program Development and Advisory Services Support
$1,100,000 02/2018 - 07/2019
Exploring Disruptive Technologies to Further the Understanding of Disaster Risk
$1,000,000 02/2018 - 05/2019
Bangladesh - An Integrated Approach to Enhance Urban Resilience in Dhaka
$500,000 03/2017 - 03/2019
Coastal Resilience: Developing New and Innovative Approaches in Bangladesh
$1,550,000 04/2018 - 03/2020
City Resilience Program: Phase 1
$2,404,000 12/2016 - 06/2020
Financial Protection for Agriculture
$2,312,400 02/2016 - 12/2020
Just-in-Time Capacity Building and Advice for Climate Resilience
$3,100,000 01/2015 - 12/2018
Open Data for Resilience Initiative: Tools and Capacity Building
$250,000 06/2017 - 12/2018
Enhancing financial protection resilience in V20 member countries
$400,000 10/2016 - 03/2019
Hydromet and Climate Services in South Asia
$1,000,000 09/2016 - 06/2019
Building Resilience to Landslide and Geohazard risk in the South Asia Region
$1,000,000 06/2016 - 03/2019
Bangladesh Urban Earthquake Resilience Project - Phase II
$898,115 10/2013 - 06/2017
Bangladesh Urban Earthquake Resilience Project - Phase I
$1,750,360 02/2012 - 12/2016
Capacity Building for Managing Storm Surge, Saline Intrusion and Climate Change in Coastal Bangladesh
$199,413 02/2014 - 12/2016
Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance Program in Bangladesh
$272,925 10/2014 - 12/2016

World Bank Engagements 2012 – Present

Project Description
Bangladesh Integrated Agricultural Productivity Project
$63.55 million | Start date: 04/2012 (Closed)

The project development objective is to enhance the productivity of agriculture in pilot areas. The project aims to increase this in agro-ecologically constrained areas by strengthening key aspects impacting agricultural production.

Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project
$75 million | Start date: 04/2012 (Ongoing)

The project development objectives are to: (a) increase provision of safe water supply and hygienic sanitation in the rural areas of Bangladesh, where shallow aquifers are highly contaminated by arsenic and other pollutants such as salinity, iron, and bacterial pathogens; and (b) facilitate early emergency response.

Climate Resilient Participatory Afforestation and Reforestation Project
$35 million | Start date: 04/2013 (Closed)

The project seeks the following: (i) inclusion of training in cost category in the Grant Agreement (to be consistent with the other section of the grant Agreement and PAD); and (ii) revision to the definition of the operating cost to take into account - (a) repair and maintenance of office building including furniture exclusively to be used by Project; and (b) repair and maintenance of Project equipment.

Community Climate Change Project
$12.5 million | Start date: 04/2013 (Closed)

The project development objective is to enhance the capacity of selected communities to increase their resilience to the impacts of climate change.

Second Rural Transport Improvement Project
$302 million | Start date: 11/2013 (Ongoing)

The proposed project development objective is: To improve rural accessibility in project areas (covering 26 districts) and strengthen institutional capacity for sustainable rural road maintenance.

Bangladesh Leveraging ICT Growth, Employment, and Governance Project
$70 million | Start date: 11/2013 (Ongoing)

The project development objectives are to (i) catalyze the growth of Bangladesh’s IT and IT-Enabled Services industry for employment creation and export diversification; and (ii)establish basic e-Government foundations to support public sector modernization.

Bangladesh Safety Net Systems for the Poorest Project
$500 million | Start date: 11/2013 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve the equity, efficiency and transparency of major social safety net programs to benefit the poorest households.

Bangladesh Coastal Embankment Improvement Project Phase I
$375 million | Start date: 11/2013 (ongoing)

The project development objectives are to: (i) increase the area protected in selected polders from tidal flooding and frequent storm surges, which are expected to worsen due to climate change; (ii) improve agricultural production by reducing saline water intrusion in selected polders; and (iii) improve the Government of Bangladesh's capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or emergency

Municipal Governance and Services Project
$410 million | Start date: 04/2014 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve municipal governance and basic urban services in participating Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), and to improve the Recipients capacity to respond promptly and effectively to an Eligible Crisis or Emergency.

National Agricultural Technology Project - Additional Financing
$23.72 million | Start date: 04/2014 (Ongoing)

The objective of the project is to improve to improve the effectiveness of the national agricultural technology system in Bangladesh. This restructuring will bring the following changes: (a) revision of the project development objective; (b) triggering of new safeguard policies; (c) up-grading of the environmental category from C to B; (d) reallocation of credit proceeds; and (e) the addition of grant financing.

Emergency 2007 Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project-- Additional Financing II
$140 million | Start date: 11/2014 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to support the government's efforts to facilitate restoration and recovery from the damage to livelihoods and infrastructure caused by cyclone Sidr and to build long-term preparedness through strengthened disaster risk management.

Bangladesh Modern Food Storage Facilities Project
$210 million | Start date: 11/2014 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to increase the grain reserve available to households to meet their post-disaster needs and improve the efficiency of grain storage management.

Bangladesh Urban Resilience Project
$173 million | Start date: 11/2015 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to strengthen the capacity of Government of Bangladesh agencies to respond to emergency events and to strengthen systems to reduce the vulnerability of future building construction to disasters in Dhaka and Sylhet.

Bangladesh National Agricultural Technology Program - Phase II Project
$176.06 million | Start date: 11/2015 (Ongoing)

The project development objective is to increase the agricultural productivity of smallholder farms and improve smallholder farmers' access to markets in selected districts.

Bangladesh Multipurpose Disaster Shelter Project
$375 million | Start date: 11/2015 (Ongoing)

The development objective of this project is to reduce the vulnerability of the coastal population to natural disasters across selected coastal districts of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Regional Waterway Transport Project
$360 million | Start date: 11/2016 (ongoing)

The development objective of the project is to improve inland water transport efficiency and safety for passengers and cargo along the Chittagong-Dhaka-Ashuganj Regional Corridor and to enhance sector sustainability.

Bangladesh Weather and Climate Services Regional Project
$113 million | Start date: 11/2016 (ongoing)

The development objective of this project is to strengthen Government of Bangladesh's capacity to deliver reliable weather, water, and climate information services and improve access to such services by priority sectors and communities. This will be done by strengthening hydro-meteorological monitoring and forecasting, and service delivery related to water, agriculture, and multi-hazard disaster risk management early warning systems at the national level, while laying the foundation for strengthening resilience at the regional level.

Low Income Community Housing Support Project
$50 million | Start date: 11/2016 (ongoing)

The project development objective is to improve shelter and living conditions in selected low income and informal settlements in designated municipalities in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Insurance Sector Development Project
$65 million | Start date: 03/2017 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Insurance Sector Development Project for Bangladesh is to strengthen the institutional capacity of the regulator and state owned insurance corporations and increase the coverage of insurance in Bangladesh.

Health Sector Support Project
$500 million | Start date: 07/2017 (Ongoing)

The objective of the Health Sector Support Project for Bangladesh is to strengthen the health, nutrition and population sector's core management systems and delivery of essential health, nutrition, and population services with a focus on selected geographical areas.

Cash Transfer Modernization Project
$300 million | Start date: 01/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Cash Transfer Modernization Project for Bangladesh is to improve the transparency and efficiency of selected cash transfer programs for vulnerable populations by modernizing service delivery.

Enhancement and Strengthening of Power Transmission Network in Eastern Region
$450.64 million | Start date: 03/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Enhancement and Strengthening of Power Transmission Network in Eastern Region Project for Bangladesh is to increase the transmission capacity and reliability of the electricity network in the eastern region and strengthen the institutional capacity of the Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Limited (PGCB).

Sustainable Enterprise Project
$110 million | Start date: 03/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Sustainable Enterprise Project for Bangladesh is to increase adoption of environmentally sustainable practices by targeted microenterprises.

Quality Learning for All Program
$700 million | Start date: 06/2018 (Ongoing)

The proposed Program Development Objective (PDO) is to provide quality education to all children of Bangladesh from pre-primary to grade 8.

Additional Financing for Health Sector Support Project
$50 million | Start date: 06/2018 (Ongoing)

The development objective of the Health Sector Support Project (HSSP) for Bangladesh is to strengthen the health, nutrition, and population (HNP) sector’s core management systems and delivery of essential HNP services with a focus on selected geographical areas. The additional financing (AF) of HSSP will enhance the capacity of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) to respond to the crisis and support it in extending HNP services to the displaced Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar district.