Like many countries in Latin America, Colombia faces great challenges that seriously threaten its development. Factors such as population displacement from rural to urban areas, environmental degradation, and rapid changes in land use amplify these challenges. As a result of the immense losses caused by the La Niña phenomenon in 2010-2011, and within the scope of the agenda on disaster risk management that the World Bank has maintained since 1999 with the Colombian Government, the National Planning Department requested the support of this institution to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the risk management policies and make short- and long-term strategic recommend. This report goes into depth in the institutional advances in risk management at different government levels and explains how this issue has been incorporated in the territorial and sectoral public administration.