The African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of states, the European Union (EU), the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) are committed to pushing for the effective integration of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) into the global development agenda and cementing the strong links among DRM, poverty reduction, and climate change adaptation. ACP countries are among the most vulnerable countries in the world and a close cooperation among the EU, ACP Secretariat and the World Bank-GFDRR through the ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Program, ensures a coordinated approach to build climate and disaster resilience in the ACP countries – at regional, sub-regional, national and local levels.
This objective is pursued in close synergy with the different EU strategies (Intra-ACP Cooperation 10th EDF Strategy paper and Multiannual Indicative Programme, EC strategy for DRR in developing countries and its implementation plan, EU Action plan on climate change and development, EU-ACP regional strategies and partnerships, EU Global Climate Change Alliance, EC Communication on the EU Approach to Resilience and its Action Plan, DG ECHO programs), the ACP DRR agenda; UNISDR’s Sendai DRR framework for action, and GFDRR ongoing programs.
ACP GROUP OF STATES
The African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) is an organization created by the Georgetown Agreement in 1975. It is composed of 79 African, Caribbean and Pacific states, signatories of the Cotonou Agreement (known as the “ACP-EC Partnership Agreement”), binding them to the European Union. Among the ACP Group’s main objectives is the sustainable development of its member-states and their integration into the global economy. In this regard, the ACP Group, as early as 2004 has pioneered action on disaster reduction and resilience by calling the European Union’s attention to the need to shift the focus from a previously narrow focus upon humanitarian response to that of a more holistic scope of prevention, and natural disaster risk management in support of sustainable development. This Natural Disaster Risk Management Program is part of a long-standing cooperation between the ACP Group and the EU that brings together sister entities from Africa, Caribbean & the Pacific, active on disaster and climate resilience. These, together with specialized partners like the GFDRR, address ACP countries’ vulnerabilities to exogenous shocks through integrated measures on climate adaptation, environmental protection and disaster risk management.
For more information: www.acp.int
The European Union (EU) is the leading donor of development aid and climate finance. The EU is fully engaged in supporting the implementation of the new Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The EU is at the forefront of the international agenda on Resilience supporting developing countries prepare for, withstand and recover from disaster events. Such efforts stem from the EU's Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (2011), the Action Plan on Resilience in crisis prone countries (2013) and the Action Plan on the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (2016). These two plans pool humanitarian and development resources to deliver on flagship-initiatives such as AGIR (Global Alliance for Resilience in the Sahel), SHARE (Supporting the Horn of Africa’s Resilience), GCCA+ (Global Climate Change Alliance plus) or DIPECHO. Furthermore, in its cooperation with the ACP Group of States, the EU has put at the core of its interventions the need to reduce vulnerability and to build resilience of regions, countries and communities, having committed more than EUR 320 million in the period 2008-2013, including the support to the GFDRR.
For more information: www.europa.eu
GLOBAL FACILITY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION AND RECOVERY
The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) is a global partnership that helps developing countries better understand and reduce their vulnerabilities to natural hazards and adapt to climate change. Working with over 400 local, national, regional, and international partners, GFDRR provides grant financing, technical assistance, training and knowledge sharing activities to mainstream disaster and climate risk management in policies and strategies. Managed by the World Bank (www.worldbank.org), GFDRR is supported by 34 countries and ten international organizations.
For more information: www.gfdrr.org
About The Program
The Africa Caribbean Pacific (ACP) Group of States, the European Union (EU) and the World Bank (WB) established the ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Reduction (NDRR) Program to support disaster risk reduction activities in ACP countries. Its operations are financed by an EU grant of €54.5 million to a single-donor Trust Fund managed by the WB-led Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR).
Launched in October 2011, the Program aims to address prevention, mitigation and preparedness to natural hazards at regional, sub-regional, national and local levels in ACP countries. Its four priority areas are:
- Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction (DRR);
- Risk identification and assessment;
- Early warning systems (EWS) and communication on DRR; and
- Risk transfer and integration of DRR into post-disaster recovery.
The ACP-EU NDRR Program’s operations fall into three components:
Regional Projects (Window 1): to advance the national DRR agendas of ACP countries through regional/sub-regional cooperation;
Country-Level Projects (Window 2): to drive DRR and climate change adaptation (CCA) policy development and implementation in ACP countries through need-based and demand-driven technical assistance, including provision of technical advisory capacity;
Post-Disaster & Capacity Building Activities (Window 3): to improve the ability of ACP countries to respond to disasters efficiently and effectively by building ex-ante capacity to conduct post-disaster needs assessments, providing rapid technical assistance, and mainstreaming DRR in recovery planning.
The expected results are:
- Improved resilience of ACP countries to the impact of natural disasters;
- Enhanced preparedness of the population in disaster-prone areas; and
Reduced response costs in the event of natural disasters.
A Steering Committee (SC) consisting of senior representatives from the ACP Secretariat, the European Commission, and the GFDRR Secretariat advises and provides guidance on the overall direction of the Program. The SC is responsible for reviewing progress and achievements, reports and work program as well as considering priorities and general principles for the Program.
Program Team: Since 2011, a dedicated GFDRR team in Brussels coordinates the overall implementation of the Program, ensuring day-to-day coordination with the EU, the ACP Secretariat and other partners. The team works closely with the GFDRR Secretariat of the WB DRM Regional teams in charge of Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific.
The Program supports project proposals for technical assistance, capacity building and advisory/analytical work at the regional/sub-regional and country levels through Call for proposals (issued periodically) or ad-hoc requests submitted to GFDRR. In addition, the Program also supports requests from ACP countries in the aftermath of a disaster with post disaster needs assessments (PDNA), rapid-response technical assistance, capacity building and the development of sustainable recovery frameworks.
Activities are closely coordinated with the European Union (EU) Delegations to ensure complementarity and alignment with the country development priorities, as well as with EU strategies (namely the EU Strategy for Supporting DRR in Developing Countries) and, where relevant, those of other development partners.
Window 1 - Regional/sub-regional DRR initiatives
The priority of Window 1 initiatives is to strengthen the capacities of relevant regional and sub-regional institutions involved in the DRR agenda and expand their knowledge and expertise with a view to facilitate an increased dialogue among ACP countries.
Strengthening the regional and sub-regional cooperation helps to generate economies of scale in risk reduction strategies, and create an enabling environment to advance ACP countries national disaster risk reduction agendas. The program of support under this Window includes:
- trans-boundary risk mapping and identification,
- regional early warning systems,
- flood risk management in river basins,
- risk pooling and insurance,
- knowledge exchange,
- learning and capacity building in DRR, and
- other multi-country initiatives that promote not only cost-effective risk reduction but contribute to enhanced regional integration.
Window 2 - Mainstreaming DRR in ACP countries’ development
The mainstreaming approach is a key component to assure a sustainable integration of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation into development policies and strategies. The support for mainstreaming helps ACP countries to pursue a proactive approach to disaster risk reduction and interlinked climate adaptation as an integral element of their sustainable development agenda. Assistance that leverages greater synergies between DRR and Climate Change Adaptation initiatives are considered on priority.
The program supports ACP countries in implementing need-based DRR actions such as:
- ensuring better hazard mapping and disaster risk assessments,
- national DRR policy and institutional development,
- building comprehensive DRR capacity,
- strengthening early warning systems (EWS),
- developing regional and territorial plans that reduce risks,
- establishing norms and guidelines for protecting critical infrastructure from disaster impacts; and
- supporting feasibility studies on the introduction of national risk financing and risk transfer instruments to protect GDP loss.
The aim is to provide need-based and demand-driven technical assistance for DRR policy development and its implementation including provision of technical advisory capacity in ACP countries.
Window 3: DRR in Recovery
The includes a fast track mechanism supporting ACP countries in the aftermath of a disaster with rapid technical assistance to develop a recovery framework including a build back better approach. This mechanism allows a flexible approach in supporting :
- ex-ante capacity development in ACP countries for Post-Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNAs),
- ex-post assistance for PDNAs that enable drawing up a recovery framework which integrate DRR principles,
- just-in time knowledge and good practice advisory support to disaster-stricken Governments, and
- matching fund for implementation of the DRR component recommended by PDNA.
Emphasis is placed on supporting disaster affected low income countries in fast tracking the necessary post disaster assessments, ensuring that risk reduction measures are prominently placed in multi-sector recovery and reconstruction plans and to leverage the existing trilateral agreement between the UN, the EC and the World Bank on Post Crisis Assessments and Recovery Planning.
Manuela Chiapparino, is Senior Operations Officer, Team Leader for the ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Program and is also in charge of relations with European donors. Manuela leads the GFDRR Brussels team and is responsible for the oversight of the implementation of the ACP-EU NDRR Program.
Henriette B. Mampuya is a Disaster Risk Management Analyst in the GFDRR Brussels team and is the focal point for Africa within the ACP-EU NDRR Program. She also coordinates the Program’s Communication.
Rossella Della Monica is a Disaster Risk Management Specialist in the GFDRR Brussels team and is the ACP-EU NDRR Program focal point for the Caribbean and for post-disaster response.
Hugo Wesley is a Disaster Risk Management Analyst in the GFDRR Brussels team and is the ACP-EU NDRR Program focal point for the Pacific. Hugo also supports the team on Communications and website maintenance.
Isabelle Forge is a consultant on the GFDRR Brussels team and focal point for Monitoring and Evaluation of the ACP-EU NDRR Program.
Aurélie Noël is a consultant on the GFDRR Brussels team. She supports the team on the Communications as well as website management.